House Democrats, in their first act of the 116th Congress on Thursday, officially elected Nancy Pelosi to serve as speaker, returning the gavel to the longtime Democratic leader eight years after she last held it.
The speaker election was not without controversy, however. The California Democrat had to cut a handful of deals over the past two months with would-be opponents to shore up the support needed to win the floor vote, even though no one was challenging her for the post.
The deal that vanquished the final opponents standing in her way came with a hefty price tag: an agreement from Pelosi that she would not serve more than four more years as speaker.
Watch: Here are the 21 members who didn’t vote for Pelosi, McCarthy
Ultimately, of the 430 votes cast, Pelosi received 220 votes, 17 more on the floor than the 203 who supported her during the Democratic Caucus vote Nov. 28.
One notable vote for Pelosi came from Oklahoma Democrat Kendra Horn, whose unexpected victory came in a solidly Republican district.
But 15 Democrats did not vote for Pelosi on Thursday — defectors she’ll have to manage in a caucus full of diverse political views. Of those 15, three Democrats voted “present.”
Most of Pelosi’s opponents were freshmen who made campaign promises not to support her for speaker.
Other freshmen who made similar vows or called for new leadership ultimately backed Pelosi — votes Republicans will undoubtedly attack them for if they run for re-election.
No Republicans voted for Pelosi. As is customary, members of the minority party mostly voted for their leader, Kevin McCarthy, although there were a few exceptions. Justin Amash of Michigan, for instance, voted for Kentucky’s Thomas Massie, while Massie, Reps. Andy Biggs and Paul Gosar of Arizona, Scott Perry of Pennsylvania and Jody B. Hice of Georgia voted for Freedom Caucus co-founder Jim Jordan of Ohio.
Despite the small contingent of Democrats who opposed her, Pelosi returns to the speaker’s office with a great deal of power. She retains the support of the vast majority of her caucus and is strongly backed by outside Democratic groups. Perhaps as a sign of that, Randi Weingarten, president of the American Federation of Teachers and Stephanie Shriock and Ellen Malcolm, leaders of EMILY’s List, were her guests in the gallery.
Pelosi became the first woman elected speaker in 2007, and on Thursday she became the first speaker to reclaim the gavel after a hiatus in the minority since Sam Rayburn did so in 1955.
As speaker, Pelosi is second in line to the presidency, behind Vice President Mike Pence.
Here’s the list of the 15 Democratic members who did not vote for Pelosi:
Jared Golden of Maine: Bustos.
Kathleen Rice of New York: Stacey Abrams.
Max Rose of New York: Duckworth.
Mikie Sherrill of New Jersey: Bustos.
Elissa Slotkin of Michigan: Present.
Abigail Spanberger of Virginia: Bustos.
Jeff Van Drew of New Jersey: Present.