Shank and Powell: Climate Change Fight Includes Private Sector
With last month’s climate talks in South Africa postponing specific carbon cuts until 2020, it is clear that something more than mere nation-state commitments will be needed to counter climate change and reduce global warming.
With nations reluctant to recommit to another climate treaty, replete with binding targets and a global trading scheme for carbon emissions, it will be up to the private sector to pick up the slack. Thankfully, it seems up for the challenge.
Take, for instance, WindMade. This new consumer label was recently launched by the private sector, in partnership with the United Nations Global Compact and the World Wildlife Fund, to encourage and increase demand in wind energy, a renewable energy that will be a critical component to any greenhouse gas emissions reduction strategy.
WindMade is the first-ever global label to certify use of wind power in manufacturing and operations. Much like the Agriculture Department’s organic label created a more robust organics industry and consumer base, so too is WindMade’s intent to generate an equally robust base for renewables.
Now, thanks to pioneering efforts such as WindMade, consumers who care about climate action or energy security or simply want to reduce their environmental footprint can prioritize purchases that are aligned with their principles. This is a good thing. And according to polling done in advance of WindMade’s launch, a solid 67 percent of consumers are already saying they would favor WindMade products.
Clearly the consumer demand is there, which will be helpful in lowering the price of wind energy as the technological leaders behind the wind energy movement — be they in the United States, Europe or China — ramp up production and produce cheaper wind energy and wind turbines.
All of this will be good for the environment. Yet more wind energy not only will help reduce our carbon consumption and carbon emissions, it will help the world become a more peaceful place.
How, you ask? First, perhaps most obviously, as we wean ourselves off fossil fuels and onto renewable energies such as wind and solar, we dramatically reduce the propensity of nations to fight foreign wars over fossilized energy resources in the name of energy security.
Second, the more we transition off centralized, fossil fuel-based power grids and cumbersome production facilities that pose a security risk to potential domestic attack (e.g., nuclear and coal plants, gas pipelines or oil refineries) and transition to micromanaged wind and solar infrastructure, the less risk we will face in light of growing terror attacks. Imagine smaller grids that serve smaller communities and are thus less susceptible to sabotage.
Third, and perhaps most importantly, the more we enable and empower communities and citizens around the world to harness wind and solar energy at the micro and local level, the more we ultimately democratize energy and equip developing countries with the tools and techniques needed to develop more efficiently and effectively.
Just think about how mobile phones have become ubiquitous in the developing world (thanks to rapidly falling costs and increasing availability), serving as a critical lifeline to banking, agriculture, trade and commerce activities. Now let’s do the same with renewable technologies by making them affordable and accessible. Imagine what portable and affordable devices capable of capturing renewable energy could offer poor and underdeveloped villages.
Incidentally, this also helps ensure that resources are distributed equitably, at least on the energy front. In many countries, unfortunately, energy and energy utilities are in the hands of the powerful few, often to the detriment of the powerless majority.
The democratization of energy changes that dynamic. It also decreases the likelihood of violence.
One of the eight fundamental factors found in more peaceful environments, as reported by the Institute for Economics and Peace, was the equitable distribution of resources. Energy equitability, then, should be a longer-term goal.
In the meantime, helping consumers know whether their computer, car or clothing was made with wind energy is a great step in the right direction. We need more innovations and initiatives of this kind. The climate isn’t cooling anytime soon, and it’s clear that climate talks will continue to be inconclusive. So companies and consumers, the ball is in your court.
Michael Shank is U.S. vice president of the Institute for Economics and Peace. Melissa Powell is head of strategy and partnerships at the United Nations Global Compact.