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District Profile from Politics in America
Covering Maine's southern tip, the 1st boasts both rural oceanfront property and high-paying jobs. Residents of the state's largest city, Portland, continue to move into outlying areas, bringing single-family homes to once-uninterrupted forests and farmland.
The technology boom that spread north from Boston during the 1990s slowed, but software jobs still offset manufacturing and textile plant closures. Health care, financial services and insurance firms are here, and Interstate 95 offers a straight shot between the district and Boston for both commuters and seasonal residents, who tend to live on the coast. Tourism is important in the lower part of the state, as residents from across New England and Canada head to popular beaches and shopping areas, including the L.L. Bean flagship store in Freeport.
The 1st has had a longtime military influence, and Portsmouth Naval Shipyard is slated to receive federal funds for expansion of its nuclear-powered submarine repair operations. The 2011 closure of Brunswick Naval Air Station as a result of the base realignment process has cost the district thousands of jobs, but the former military site will transition into a general aviation airport. Local officials hope to use the redeveloped facilities to lure more businesses to the region.
Residents of the district tend to be white, wealthy and older, but the district's traditional Yankee Republican tendencies have given way to a Democratic voting preference in federal elections. Republicans still find some support at the state and local levels, especially in York County towns. In 2010, Kennebec County (shared with the 2nd District), gave Republican Gov. Paul R. LePage his second-highest percentage in the state, but the 1st overall favored Barack Obama by 23 percentage points in the 2008 presidential election.
Military shipbuilding, financial services, technology, tourism
Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, 80 military, 2,042 civilian (2011)
Portland, 66,194; South Portland, 25,002; Biddeford, 21,277
The Wadsworth-Longfellow House museum is the oldest standing structure on the Portland peninsula.
|2010||general||Chellie Pingree (D)||169,114||56.8%|
|Dean Scontras (R)||128,501||43.2%|
|2008||general||Chellie Pingree (D)||205,629||54.9%|
|Charlie Summers (R)||168,930||45.1%|
|2006||general||Tom Allen (D)||170,949||60.8%|
|Darlene Curley (R)||88,009||31.3%|
|Dexter Kamilewicz (I)||22,029||7.8%|
|2004||general||Tom Allen (D)||219,077||59.7%|
|Charlie Summers (R)||147,663||40.3%|
|2002||general||Tom Allen (D)||172,646||63.8%|
|Steven Joyce (R)||97,931||36.2%|
|2008||Barack Obama: 61%||John McCain: 38%|
|2004||John Kerry: 55%||George W. Bush: 43%|
|2000||Al Gore: 50%||George W. Bush: 43%|