CQ Roll Call Decoder

5 border misconceptions blurring the immigration debate

A section of the border wall stretches through the Rio Grande Valley sector of the Texas border on Aug. 20, 2019. (Jinitzail Hernández/CQ Roll Call)

The southern border of the United States has been a central focus in American politics ever since Donald Trump descended onto the political scene in 2015, but misconceptions about the border abound.

Why do members of Congress have to gavel in and gavel out during recess?
Roll Call explains the pro forma session

Unless the House and Senate agree on an adjournment resolution, both chambers must gavel in twice-weekly for pro forma sessions during August Recess. (Nathan Ouellette/CQ Roll Call)

For lawmakers, August recess is a time to meet with constituents and public officials, and spend time with their families. Unless, of course, they have to come back to Washington to preside over twice-weekly pro forma sessions.