Myron Brilliant, head of International Affairs for the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, recently graced these pages with a stirring defense of how the taxpayer-funded Export-Import Bank is “indispensable.” He provided several anecdotes to demonstrate how the Ex-Im’s taxpayer-subsidized loans help “small businesses” that just couldn’t survive without the government financing their exports.
Unfortunately for Ex-Im, the plural of “anecdote” is not “data.” Heritage Foundation expert Diane Katz has been reporting the real data for quite some time, however, and her findings are much more objective and illuminating than a few anecdotal stories. Katz has also reported extensively on the many cases of fraud at the Ex-Im bank that Mr. Brilliant failed to include in his stories.
Out of $2.2 trillion in American exports last year, less than 2 percent of them benefitted from Ex-Im financing. Of this 2 percent, 75 percent went to help a mere 10 companies, including giants such as Boeing and General Electric, all of which could easily access private financing. The chamber plays the small-business card to cover the fact that the overwhelming majority of Ex-Im subsidies benefit very, very large corporations.
Moreover, the bank supports less than half of 1 percent of U.S. “small businesses” —which in many cases aren’t so small. (The bank’s definition of “small business” includes manufacturers with as many as 1,500 employees and service firms and retailers with as much as $20.5 million in annual revenues.) This is hardly the mom-and-pop businesses the chamber makes it out to be.
By the chamber’s logic, taxpayers should subsidize every “small business” for any deal anywhere to improve their competitive position.
Anecdotes make for heart-tugging propaganda, but again, hard data tells the real story. Former congressman and Office of Management and Budget Director David Stockman recently dismissed the boogeyman of lost sales if Ex-Im is killed: “We are talking about 0.6 percent of exports and 0.1 percent of [gross domestic product]. That is, we are talking about economic ‘noise’ that is so faint that even Janet Yellen could not detect it!”
Even Stockman’s estimate assumes that every competitive overseas bid by U.S. companies is lost, which he recognizes as completely unrealistic.
Brilliant implies that the small businesses he profiles would be forced to cut production and lay off workers without export financing from Ex-Im. This is ludicrous. Banks currently demand Ex-Im guarantees for loans because Ex-Im offers it. In the absence of taxpayer subsidies, Wells Fargo and other banks adjust their lending criteria, or other investment options are tapped. That’s what happens with 98 percent of all U.S. exports.
Furthermore, if these exporters have sound business propositions — sound enough for taxpayer guarantees — why wouldn’t private investors step up? What were these companies doing before they received government assistance? If their business plans are built around dependence on Ex-Im, they need new business plans.