In 1998, Congress passed the Internet Tax Freedom Act, which placed a three-year moratorium on new Internet taxes. In April of 2000, I was proud to serve as chairman of the Advisory Commission on Electronic Commerce. Created by Congress, the commission was established to develop recommendations that would help further economic growth in the digital age. In our report to Congress, a majority of commissioners recommended that Congress maintain the moratorium on new Internet taxes. This week, unfortunately, the Senate reversed course. This is unfortunate because, while much has changed in the 13 years since we made our initial report to Congress, the recommendation to keep the Internet tax free is as relevant today as it was then.
Technically there is no such thing as an “Internet sales tax.” There are only sales taxes and the manner in which they are collected. A vote for the Marketplace Fairness Act was a vote to impose a national sales tax collection mandate on Internet sellers. A vote for the Market Place Fairness Act was a vote to allow tax collection beyond state borders, even when a business maintains no physical presence in a particular state. This is a radical departure from existing tax law. Empowering states to collect sales taxes on transactions that take place outside their borders is a significant expansion of current state taxing authority that is fundamentally unfair and should be opposed for that reason alone.
In 2012, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, online retail sales were $225 billion — a number that still represents only 6 percent of total retail sales. Of that $225 billion, big-box retailers accounted for more than 83 percent of those sales. These are companies such as Wal-Mart, Best Buy and Amazon — some of the most recognizable names in commerce. These online companies have brick-and-mortar stores in many or all states, and as a result they are currently required to collect sales taxes in those states. Were those sales to remain untaxed as proponents claim, that could certainly represent a problem for state and local coffers. The fact is, however, that the majority of Internet sales are being taxed, which is precisely why the Marketplace Fairness Act is a solution in search of a problem that does not exist.
The Internet still represents a global tool of empowerment for citizens, consumers and entrepreneurs. While the manner in which consumers engage in commerce online continues to evolve, our existing sales tax law remains remarkably durable. In 1999, Amazon was essentially an Internet-only retailer with the exception of one or two distribution facilities that triggered sales taxes in those states. For state and local government officials, that represented a frightening harbinger of the future of retail in which all commerce would migrate online and outside their taxing jurisdiction. Today, Amazon has a physical presence in almost 20 states. The dire warnings about the future of commerce have not come to pass.
Vice President Joe Biden waits to conduct a mock swearing-in ceremony with Sen. Brian Schatz, D-Hawaii, in the Capitol's Old Senate Chamber, December 2, 2014. Schatz was sworn in to serve the remainder of his term since he was appointed to the seat after Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, passed away.