Unless Congress blows it, the United States has the best chance ever to finally make its public education system world class.
There’s widespread awareness — not just among education reformers, but employers and ordinary people — that American schools are second-rate by international standards and that it’s dangerous to the nation’s economic health and national security.
President Ronald Reagan’s administration first warned in 1983 that we were “A Nation at Risk” — that, unless reformed, U.S. education would undermine America’s competitive position in the world.
The message is finally getting through, and there are encouraging signs of positive action. The danger is that Congress will stifle the progress just as it’s achieving liftoff.
Specifically, an unholy alliance — likely, an undeclared one — could develop between Tea Party Republicans bent on slashing education funding and dismantling the U.S. Department of Education, and Democrats influenced by teachers unions who want to dilute federal accountability standards.
Republicans’ budgets for this fiscal year propose damaging cuts in school improvement funding and college student aid — and eliminating the AmeriCorps program, which supplies poverty schools with volunteer tutors.
What’s more, it’s not clear that Congress will pass a rewrite of President George W. Bush’s reformist No Child Left Behind law this year, designed to improve its testing, accountability and school-turnaround policies.
All this would undercut significant forward movement on reform — both awareness of the need and actual progress toward improvement. Surveys of employers show they can’t find workers with the skills they need. An Education Next poll last year showed that only 18 percent of Americans would give U.S. public schools an A or B grade.
Test results show they have it right. Only 30 percent of high school graduates are proficient in math and reading. The latest Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development International Assessment report ranked the United States 14th out of 34 developed countries in reading skills and 17th in science.
The America’s Promise Alliance, founded by Gen. Colin Powell, attracted massive publicity with its alert two years ago that a third of all high school students — and 50 percent of minority students — don’t graduate on time, with 7,000 a day dropping out.
Last year, the movie “Waiting for Superman” graphically exposed the schools’ systematic failure. It didn’t win an Oscar (it should have), but Oprah Winfrey took notice and millions saw it.
The nation’s governors, on a bipartisan basis, have decided to adopt common standards for measuring graduation rates — and, even more important, to adopt a common core curriculum for what kids learn based on international standards.
And President Barack Obama, in the pattern of Richard Nixon going to China, has taken on the most persistent lobby opposing reform — the teachers unions — and has made the case that the schools should serve the interests of their students, not the adults who oversee them.
With $4 billion in incentive funding — the “Race to the Top” program — the administration persuaded dozens of states to adopt reforms such as lifting limits on charter schools and basing school and teacher evaluations on students’ progress.
Terri Henderson, 6, center, whose mother is El Salvador, attends a rally with members of Congress at Union Station's Columbus Circle to announce the Restore Opportunity, Strengthen, and Improve the Economy (ROSIE) Act on July 29, 2014. The legislation provides incentives for government contractors to pay a living wage and other benefits that would help low-income workers.