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Senators Discuss Options for Changing Filibuster

A bipartisan group of eight senators Friday offered a proposal to change some of the chamber’s rules in order to make it more productive and avert Democratic leaders’ threat to overhaul the filibuster.

“We are part of a group of eight senators that have been working now for about a month to come up with a proposal for the leaders and for our conferences that will hopefully overcome the gridlock that has so permeated the U.S. Senate,” said Sen. Carl Levin, D-Mich., at a news conference unveiling the package.

Others in the group include Sens. John McCain, R-Ariz., Charles E. Schumer, D-N.Y., Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn., Benjamin L. Cardin, D-Md., Jon Kyl, R-Ariz., Mark Pryor, D-Ark., and John Barrasso, R-Wyo.

McCain said that he believes that allowing Democrats to alter Senate rules to a simply majority vote — dubbed the “nuclear option” by opponents — would change the Senate for the worse, weakening the minority and diminishing the chamber’s character.

The move “would be, in my view, a disaster and leading to the destruction of the unique aspect of the United States Senate as envisioned by our founding fathers,” McCain said.

Levin agreed that using the nuclear option would set a bad precedent. Proponents of the move, including Sen. Jeff Merkley, D-Ore., Tom Udall, D-N.M., call it the constitutional option.

Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., and Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., are expected to use the proposal as a template to derive a final package.

The proposal would be put in place as a “standing order,” which requires 60 votes to pass and would sunset at the end of the two-year Congress.

The package would provide two additional alternatives for the majority leader to consider legislation. Currently, any senator can filibuster the so-called motion to proceed, which requires 60 votes to overcome and begin debate.

One option, in lieu of filibustering the motion to proceed, would guarantee Senate consideration of four amendments, two by the majority and two by the minority.

“The key here is what we are giving to the majority leader: the discretion to move to a bill,” Levin said. That would “address the worst problem around here, which is getting to a bill; spending a week with dead time on the Senate floor, while there is a ‘filibuster’ going on on the motion to proceed. That is what we give the majority leader the option to end provided — and this is the trade off — the minority is guaranteed two amendments as well as the majority is guaranteed two amendments.”

Democrats have argued that Republicans have abused the filibuster rule, while Republicans counter that they are left little recourse since Democratic leaders are quick to fill the amendment tree and deny them the right to offer amendments to improve legislation.

The second option would reduce the time it would take cloture to ripen to two hours. Currently, once cloture is filed to cut off debate, the Senate must wait an intervening day before taking a vote. This period would be shortened to two hours on a motion to proceed where both the majority and minority leaders and at least five additional senators from each party sign the cloture motion. If cloture is invoked there would be no post-cloture debate, which can be as long as 30 hours.

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