Capitol Hill employees and visitors with disabilities face severe challenges when they need physical access to Library of Congress buildings, according to the Office of Compliance’s annual report on the “State of the Congressional Workplace.”
None of the curb ramps on sidewalks surrounding the Madison, Jefferson and Adams buildings complied with American With Disabilities Act accessibility standards during fiscal 2012 exterior inspections. Bringing them up to code would cost approximately $1.7 million.
But the steep slopes and wide joint spaces between squares of sidewalk outside the LOC only scratch the surface of the many structural barriers that exist on Capitol Hill for people with disabilities. Other barriers include “manually-operated doors that require too great a force to open” and “doorways too narrow to enable wheelchair access,” according to the report released Thursday.
The OOC is charged with enforcing a dozen workplace laws, including the ADA, on all legislative branch properties — 18 million square feet in the D.C. metro area alone. Created when Congress passed the Congressional Accountability Act of 1995, the OOC ensures that the 30,000 legislative branch employees receive many of the same rights and protections as employees in the private sector and the federal executive branch.
“The OOC has a broad mandate — advancing workplace rights, safety, health and public access in the legislative branch of the federal government — and minimal resources,” Executive Director Barbara Sapin wrote in a statement included in the report.
With deficit cutting in mind, appropriators slashed the OOC budget by 6.7 percent in fiscal 2011 and 6.4 percent in fiscal 2012, leaving the agency with limited inspection resources during the 112th Congress. As a result, the OOC’s Office of General Counsel “focused its ADA inspections on the areas that would be of most concern to the public,” the authors explain. For the period of Oct. 1, 2011 through Sept. 30, 2012, that target was the LOC.
The reduced operating budget also forced the OOC to retool its Occupational Safety and Health Act inspections, shifting from a comprehensive check-up on the Capitol campus to a “risk-based” survey of congressional workplaces focused on “hazards that pose the greatest risk of fatalities and injuries to workers and building occupants,” including high-voltage areas, machine shops and boiler rooms.
Budget cuts forced the agency to reduce the number of days spent inspecting the landscaping operations of the Architect of the Capitol’s Capitol Grounds Division. Those workers prune and trim a variety of plants across the AOC’s 30 acres of landscape beds and use equipment to mow, seed, fertilize, lime and spray more than 90 acres of Capitol Hill turf-grass.
The OOC also had to scrap plans to inspect divisions of the Senate Sergeant-at-Arms and plans to perform a progress review of the Hazard Communication Programs at the Library of Congress’ Packard Campus. Additionally, the OOC reports it was “unable to inspect Member offices or administrative spaces across the campus.”
“At a certain point, you can’t do more with less,” OOC Deputy Director Scott Mulligan said Thursday.
Mulligan told CQ Roll Call that completing inspections to the standard of the federal executive branch and private industry is incredibly labor intensive and has become cost-prohibitive for the OOC.
Vice President Joe Biden waits to conduct a mock swearing-in ceremony with Sen. Brian Schatz, D-Hawaii, in the Capitol's Old Senate Chamber, December 2, 2014. Schatz was sworn in to serve the remainder of his term since he was appointed to the seat after Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, passed away.