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Rare Convention Presents Hurdle in Iowa Senate Race

Bill Clark/CQ Roll Call File Photo
Harkin’s retirement created a prime pickup opportunity for Republicans in Iowa, but a cast of lesser-known GOP candidates could force the selection process to an unpredictable nominating convention.

An uphill climb for Senate Republicans in Iowa may be further complicated by a convention process that local Republicans fear will nominate an unpalatable candidate for a statewide race.

Democratic Sen. Tom Harkin’s retirement created a prime pickup opportunity for Republicans in Iowa, a perennial swing state. But after several top-tier Republicans declined to run, a cast of lesser-known GOP candidates announced their interest.

As the four-candidate Senate field grew last month, so did the likelihood that Hawkeye State Republicans would have a rare nominating convention for Congress. If no Republican gets 35 percent of the vote in the primary, a convention picks the nominee — a process so unpredictable it gives GOP operatives heartburn.

“This race is winnable, but if the wrong person is chosen at convention, it would make it impossible,” one top Iowa Republican operative said.

It would be the second time in 50 years that Iowans used a convention to pick their nominee for Congress. The last time was 2002, when Rep. Steve King won the nomination for a conservative House seat in northwest Iowa.

The stakes would be much higher for a competitive Senate race against the likely Democratic nominee, Rep. Bruce Braley. Four Republicans have announced they’re running so far: David Young, former chief of staff to Republican Sen. Charles E. Grassley, former U.S. Attorney Matt Whitaker, conservative radio show host Sam Clovis and attorney Paul Lundby.

Republicans say two others — state Sen. Joni Ernst and former oil executive Mark Jacobs — will make their official entrances in the coming weeks.

Ernst is an ally of Iowa Gov. Terry E. Branstad, while Jacobs earns plaudits for his marketable life story, and Young has a strong statewide network. Longtime Iowa GOP operatives see that trio as the party’s most promising picks for a general-election audience.

But those same operatives fear the growing faction of libertarians in the state party could skew the convention and elect a wild-card nominee. Branstad’s team especially wants to avoid that scenario because he will share the November ticket with the Senate nominee.

A six-candidate field would almost ensure no candidate gets enough support in the June 3 primary to avoid a nominating convention. Instead, the nomination would be decided by 2,000 delegates with the time, resources and desire to see the lengthy convention process through to the end.

The convention process begins in January with precinct caucuses, which then go to a March county convention, a districtwide convention in April and ultimately a statewide convention on June 14, 2014.

But party officials have incredible leeway to set up and schedule the convention process. They can determine participant registration, convention date and location, plus how delegates pick the nominee.

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