The widening scandal involving the email of top military brass could further politicize an ongoing Senate effort to limit law enforcement access to consumers’ online data.
FBI officials accessed Gmail accounts that former CIA Director David H. Petraeus and his biographer Paula Broadwell used to communicate discreetly. The FBI also reportedly looked at email between Gen. John R. Allen and Jill Kelley, a Tampa woman.
Those revelations could complicate efforts by Senate Judiciary Chairman Patrick J. Leahy, D-Vt., to restrict police officers and federal investigators from looking at email and documents stored online without a warrant. He wants to extend the same protections that currently apply to information stored in paper files to data exchanged online by updating the 1986 Electronic Communications Privacy Act (PL 99-508).
Leahy pushed such a measure at a committee markup that began in September, and the markup is expected to resume during the lame-duck session. He introduced his proposal as an amendment to a separate pending bill (HR 2471) involving the privacy of video rental records.
Judiciary ranking member Charles E. Grassley, R-Iowa, objected to Leahy’s proposal in September because of how it might restrict law enforcement agencies in criminal investigations.
On Monday, Grassley launched an inquiry into the Petraeus scandal. He could use the FBI investigation to strengthen his argument for email access, which appears to be the central way that officials uncovered the affair between Petraeus and Broadwell and investigated whether it threatened classified information.
It remains unclear how the Leahy provision would have affected the FBI investigation into Petraeus, which at some point evolved from a harassment case into one concerning a security breach. The Leahy amendment would not affect exemptions already in place that allow law enforcement agencies to monitor emails in national security matters.
The FBI also obtained a warrant to monitor Broadwell’s Internet Protocol address, according to the Washington Post; that would have allowed the agency to access some of her emails even if the Leahy measure were law.
Leahy’s proposed privacy protections “wouldn’t have hindered law enforcement’s ability to crack this case,” said Greg Nojeim, senior counsel at the Center for Democracy and Technology, which supports the measure. “On the other hand, [the Petraeus scandal] has made a lot of people aware that the standards are very low and that maybe there ought to be a look at the statute and whether reforms are appropriate.”
Advocates for and against the Leahy amendment will likely attempt to draw on the national focus on the Petraeus affair and the latest revelations involving Allen, the U.S. commander in Afghanistan.
Privacy proponents can use the scandal to illustrate how current laws do not match consumers’ expectations of privacy when they use Internet programs. Law enforcement supporters can say the case highlights the importance of providing officials leeway to access data during criminal probes.
“He was just being naive,” James Lewis, of the Center for Strategic and International Studies, said of Petraeus. “Email is a postcard. You don’t know where it’s going and who is handling it.”
Lewis, who directs the center’s Technology and Public Policy Program, favors stronger privacy protections and said the Petraeus affair should strengthen the case for them. But he expressed skepticism about whether Leahy’s efforts will go far enough.
Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., carries a musket on stage as he speaks during the American Conservative Union's Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) at National Harbor, Md., on Thursday March 6, 2014.