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Outcome of April 1 Mayoral Primary Could Shape D.C. Skyline

Bill Clark/CQ Roll Call File Photo
Issa has said he will give full consideration to changes to the District’s Height Act, so whoever wins D.C.’s April 1 mayoral primary may have the chance to make their case to Congress for modifying or maintaining the act.

Late last year, a congressional hearing on the century-old law governing height limits in the nation’s capital exposed dissenting views among the District’s leaders.

Mayor Vincent Gray’s administration pushed to amend the 1910 Height of Buildings Act to give the city more control over the shape of its skyline. The D.C. Council opposed his position, taking a nearly unanimous stance against any proposed changes that was at the time mocked by House Oversight and Government Reform Chairman Darrell Issa, R-Calif.

Nearly three months later, with four councilmembers jousting to succeed Gray in his bid for another term as the city’s mayor and the April 1 primary approaching, each politician’s vision for the cityscape has become a bit more nuanced.

Councilmember Tommy Wells, who represents Capitol Hill and Ward 6, says he would need “a really good reason to change the historical character of our city.”

During a Feb. 12 debate, the smart-growth advocate gave two potential rationales for sending the height limit skyward: creating more real estate value in order to fuel more development or adding “more growth around transit-oriented development.” For now, he said, we “don’t need to put the gas pedal down any further.”

In November, Wells was among the 12 councilmembers who signed on to co-sponsor a ceremonial resolution objecting to revising or amending the Height Act.

The federal law sets building height limits on residential streets at 90 feet. In business areas, building heights are mostly limited to the width of the adjacent street, plus 20 feet. There is also a general height limit of 130 feet, extended to 160 feet along parts of Pennsylvania Avenue. Further restrictions are imposed through the city’s zoning process.

The three other councilmembers campaigning for mayor — Muriel Bowser, Jack Evans and Vincent Orange — stand firmly by the Height Act. They would each oppose any changes to current restrictions if elected mayor.

“I do not support any changes to the Height Act,” Bowser, who recently won the Washington Post’s endorsement, said in an interview with CQ Roll Call.

Evans draws on his experience as a college student at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.

“Back in the day, no building could be taller than William Penn’s hat on top of city hall,” he reminisced during the debate. At some point, a developer “broke that ceiling,” Evans said, effectively ruining the skyline.

Orange said he doesn’t buy into the premise offered by some advocates of retooling the height limit — including mayoral candidates Carlos Allen, Reta Jo Lewis and Andy Shallal — that taller buildings could bring more affordable housing options into the city.

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