Since the federal government largely shut down the Internet poker industry in April 2011, poker players and the casino industry have been lobbying furiously for the legalization and regulation of the online game at the federal level.
Already the states that have moved to allow online gambling have taken different approaches to licensing. In Nevada, brick-and-mortar casinos that hold gaming licenses can open online poker sites. Similarly, in New Jersey, only the Atlantic City casinos can open gambling sites, while in Delaware there will be a single online poker provider essentially overseen by the state lottery board.
There is still support for legalizing online gambling at the federal level, as evidenced by Rep. Peter T. Kingís introduction of a bill (HR 2282) last week that would legalize not only online poker but other online casino games as well. The New York Republican said his legislation is an attempt to establish uniform regulation of online gambling, rather than letting states approach it in piecemeal fashion.
ďA common federal standard will ensure strong protections for consumers, protect against problem and underage gambling, and make it easier for businesses, players, lawmakers and regulators to navigate and freely participate,Ē King said.
Kingís legislation would create an Office of Federal Gambling Oversight in the Treasury Department that would establish the criteria under which states and tribal bodies could license online gaming sites. Under the bill, there would be no restrictions on who could apply for a state license. States could still opt out of the federal system and offer online gaming within their borders.
The American Gaming Association, which represents the major casino companies and makers of gaming devices, hasnít yet taken an official position on Kingís bill.
ďWe do applaud Rep. King for his longtime support and his understanding for the need for Congress to get involved in the online gambling issue to establish minimum standards that ensure consumers across the country are protected and provide a consistent mechanism to stop illegal operators,Ē an AGA spokesman said.
Kingís bill has been referred to the relevant committees, but even supporters of online poker arenít optimistic about its chances of advancing. Reid even suggested that Kingís bill would hurt the odds of legalizing online poker, because it also allows other casino games such as blackjack and roulette.
Poker players have worked hard to differentiate their game, in which players wager against other players, from traditional casino games like blackjack, where a player is betting against the casino. They argue that poker is a game of skill, not pure chance, and that millions of Americans already enjoy playing the game in their homes or watching it on television.
Rep. Joe L. Barton, R-Texas, is expected to reintroduce legislation that would legalize online poker alone, and he has argued that poker is distinct from other forms of wagering. Both the Poker Players Alliance and the gaming industry would prefer a poker-only solution, which they also believe would be more palatable to conservative lawmakers in Congress than legalizing all forms of Internet gambling.
But pockets of strong opposition to the legalization of online gambling remain on Capitol Hill, and at the moment, any congressional action appears highly unlikely, especially given Kylís absence and Reidís pessimism. That leaves the states, which is where poker advocates have turned their attention.
Vice President Joe Biden waits to conduct a mock swearing-in ceremony with Sen. Brian Schatz, D-Hawaii, in the Capitol's Old Senate Chamber, December 2, 2014. Schatz was sworn in to serve the remainder of his term since he was appointed to the seat after Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, passed away.