Democrats indicate they want to confirm more circuit court nominees in the lame duck, but the GOP notes that Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid previously said they had finished with them for the year.
Senate Democrats could be on a collision course with Senate Republicans when it comes to using the lame-duck session to confirm 19 judicial nominations that have been held up this Congress.
“Our expectations are that we should not have a lot, if any, on the docket after the lame-duck session,” a Senate Democratic aide said Monday. “In every lame duck, judges that had bipartisan support were confirmed,” the aide continued.
But Senate Republicans expect only a few to be confirmed, if that.
Senate action on “judicial nominees in a lame-duck session of a presidential election year are very rare,” a senior GOP Senate aide said. The re-election of President George W. Bush in 2004 “is the only time in recent memory that it happened, and even then, only a few district court nominees were processed,” the aide added.
According to Republicans, no circuit court nominees have been processed in a lame duck of a presidential election year since the administration of President Jimmy Carter, and then it was only one.
Republicans also note that Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., said during debate on the nomination of Robert E. Bacharach of Oklahoma to be a judge for the 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals that his would be the last effort to pass a circuit court judge for the year. Republicans said they hope Reid doesn’t go back on his stated position.
Also, Republicans cite statistics showing the Senate has already confirmed 77 percent of President Barack Obama’s judges, while it confirmed 74 percent for Bush in the first term and 61 percent in the second. Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., used those numbers in a floor speech in late July.
Of the 19 judicial nominations awaiting floor action, there are four circuit court nominees and 15 district court nominees. Democrats contend that 17 were approved by the Judiciary Committee on a voice vote or with Republican support.
The Senate must also decide on a raft of other nonjudicial nominations that are pending, including Martin J. Gruenberg to head the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Any pending nominations not acted on before the end of the year must be resubmitted for consideration by the next Congress. No decisions have been made on how to handle those nominations, a Senate GOP aide said.
Carl Tobias, a constitutional law scholar at the University of Richmond, said he thinks the Senate could clear most of the 19 judicial nominations given that the elections are over and they are noncontroversial.
“What is the reason to not go ahead and give the courts the resources they need to decide the cases?” Tobias said. “What would they be stalling for now? 2014? 2016?”
Rep. Christopher H. Smith, R-N.J., left, David Goldman, center, and Arvind Chawdra right, attend a news conference in the Rayburn House Office Building on international child abduction. Goldman and Chawdra are fathers whose children were abducted by their mothers and taken abroad.
Each year since 1990, CQ Roll Call has reviewed the financial disclosures of all 541 senators, representatives and delegates to determine the 50 richest members of Congress. This year's report, derived from forms covering the calendar year 2012, shows it took a net worth of $6.67 million to crack the exclusive club.