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Four years ago, hundreds of retired admirals and generals formed a united front on the war against childhood obesity in support of the bipartisan Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act. As a result of that legislation, more than 90 percent of the nationís school districts are successfully implementing nutrition standards that ensure students are offered appealing, nourishing school lunches.
Unfortunately, we are now at a critical crossroads. Depending on what happens in the next few months, this effort will either stay on track for the good of students nationwide, or be derailed to satisfy special interests.
Thatís terrible news for everyone who expects schools to play a responsible role in supporting childrenís health ó and it could be a tremendous blow to the strength of our armed services.
I say this as a retired U.S. Army general and cardiac/thoracic surgeon who is well-aware of the impact of overeating and bad choices on the lives of young men and women aspiring to the honor of military service. Many are surprised and disheartened that they are among the 75 percent of young adults between the ages of 17 and 24 who cannot qualify, primarily because they are either overweight, academically unprepared or have a criminal record. Being overweight or obese is the number one medical reason why young adults cannot enlist.
Obesity is not just a problem for potential recruits. In the past, the military has discharged more than 1,200 first-term enlistees in a single year due to weight problems. The military then had to recruit and train their replacements at a cost of $75,000 per person ó which totaled roughly $90 million that year.
The problems do not end there. In addition to replacing those who have been discharged due to weight, the Department of Defense has spent an estimated $1.1 billion in a single year on obesity-related medical expenses for active-duty personnel, reservists, retirees and their dependents through TRICARE, the militaryís health care program. We also know from military research that less-fit recruits are more prone to musculoskeletal problems such as leg and ankle injuries ó an inconvenience in most civilian jobs, but potentially life-threatening in armed conflict.
The Healthy, Hunger Free Kids Act has been a crucial part of our battle plan for addressing this. As a first step, it raised the standards for the school lunch program, boosting the availability of fruits, vegetables and whole grains and reducing sugar, fat and salt.
As a second step, it is cutting back the availability of candy, chips, sodas and other unhealthy items in vending machines and ŗ la carte lines. This is especially important because children consume hundreds of billions of calories at school every year ó the equivalent of nearly 2 billion candy bars and more than the weight of the aircraft carrier Midway.
Despite the tremendous, positive impact of this legislation, a House bill being considered by the Appropriations Committee would allow school districts to apply for waivers to exempt them from the rules if they can document certain growing pains in their compliance efforts. If successful, this effort could ensure that schools would no longer be required to serve fruits and vegetables with meals, and could once again sell foods full of sugar, fat and salt.