ďNow what?Ē Itís the most common question in my district. After two years of divided leadership in Washington, D.C., the American people said, ďLetís do that again.Ē
People with absolutely antithetical ideas will now have to work together to resolve a looming fiscal crisis and a long-term debt crisis, while creating a climate for economic growth in a stagnant global economy. No problem.
The first thing we must resolve is simple: Who do we represent? With many loud voices in the Washington echo chamber, itís an essential first question. I have 750,271 people in my district, and my first responsibility is to them. Iím the only voice they have in the House of Representatives. Their values and collective wisdom matter. While this may seem simplistic, it actually clarifies every other decision that follows.
The second question is also essential: What will solve the problem, not just make for a good press release? Many things sound good, but they donít work in the real world. With a divided government and an equally divided nation, now is the time to fix the problems rather than just debate them, starting with the tax code.
Five years ago, the federal government spent a trillion dollars less per year. In 2007, we spent $2.73 trillion, and in 2011, we spent $3.60 trillion. The growth in the gross domestic product in 2007 was 1.9 percent, but the growth in the GDP in 2011 was 1.7 percent. Our tax revenues have dipped slightly ó thanks to long-term economic malaise ó from $2.56 trillion in 2007 to $2.30 trillion in 2011. The task is to respond to the huge deficits we face now after spending grew by a trillion dollars.
Some would say: Increase income taxes now to the level of our federal spending, and spend less in the future. But individual income taxes bring in only $1.09 trillion a year, and corporate income taxes bring in only $181 billion a year.
To increase individual or business taxes enough to rise to the level of current federal spending, both would have to more than double for everyone. Repealing all the Bush-era tax cuts for those making more than $250,000 a year would cover only 16 percent of the deficit.
There just arenít enough rich people to cover even a fifth of the spending problem in Washington. It may make for good politics to ďstick it to the rich,Ē but it doesnít solve the problem.
There is no way to raise tax rates enough to solve the deficit problem. We spend more than we can afford as a nation, so we must reduce spending. Iím confident that every agency, office and grant recipient can provide a great answer to why they need their current spending level, or more, but we canít afford it.
We must determine what we need to do and what we can no longer do. It should be done with great deliberation, because weíre not dealing with just numbers; weíre dealing with the economic future of millions of families and the employment future of thousands of government employees.
Thereís another way to increase federal revenue. Itís called profit. I donít know when the six-letter word ďprofitĒ became a four-letter word in America, but when people make more money, they pay more in taxes.
Economic activity is the best revenue plan for America. When people make less, raising rates incentivizes them to move their money and hide it.
Raising rates in a slow economy may work in a static economic model, but in reality it flattens the economy and doesnít increase federal revenue.
When our tax code punishes companies for moving their overseas profits back to the United States, we encourage them to invest overseas. When we have 73,000-plus pages of tax code littered with exceptions, we create a moment each year when Americans can only hope their taxes are correct but are never certain. When tax rates quickly expire without any sign of future permanent reform, we discourage long-term investment. When the federal government takes half of a personís assets at death to redistribute it to other families, we devastate a grieving family and encourage them not to save and invest. When tax rates expire and government programs live forever, our system is exactly backward.
Tax reform is long overdue in America. Two years ago, the lame-duck Congress extended all rates for two years to allow the economy to catch up. With unemployment still hovering around 8 percent, itís time to start fixing the broken code and spurring economic development. I was once told that in the consulting world they say, ďIf you canít solve a problem, there is good money to be made in prolonging it.Ē
Americansí frustration continues to grow because it appears Washington is filled with people prolonging the problem, rather than solving it. Our nation isnít looking for another consultant. She is looking for leaders.
Rep. James Lankford, R-Okla., is a member of the Budget, Oversight and Government Reform, and Transportation and Infrastructure committees.
Rep. Bill Cassidy has his blood drawn by Alesha Barbour during a free hepatitis screening in the Rayburn House Office Building hosted by the Congressional Viral Hepatitis Caucus to recognize "National Viral Hepatitis Testing Day."
Roll Call has launched a new feature, Hill Navigator, to advise congressional staffers and would-be staffers on how to manage workplace issues on Capitol Hill. Please send us your questions anything from office etiquette, to handling awkward moments, to what happens when the work life gets too personal. Submissions will be treated anonymously.