The Endangered Species Act turns 40 this year. Itís provided our country and its wild places with a lot of benefits. Itís also been the target of attacks from committed opponents, including some of my House colleagues.
Although the act is best known for saving bald eagles and grizzly bears, itís put hundreds of species on the road to recovery over the past four decades, including many in my home state of Arizona.
The law has meant full recovery for condors and many other species that were on the verge of extinction.
This landmark law ó signed by President Richard Nixon when protecting the environment was less controversial in Washington ó has prevented the extinction of 99 percent of the plants and animals under its protection because it takes a big-picture approach. When we protect species, we also protect the wild forests, deserts, rivers and streams where they live. This means more biological diversity, cleaner air and water, a healthier climate and more sustainable natural resources for which future generations will thank us.
Sustaining rivers, forests and deserts is good for our economy. We canít survive as a purely mechanized society or a nationwide chemical plant. We need green spaces and ecological balance.
Keeping lethal pesticides out of rivers populated by endangered species isnít just good for those species ó itís good for everyone. There are benefits to protecting species that go well beyond those speciesí survival.
Many years ago, as chairman of the Pima County Board of Supervisors, I helped initiate the process ó guided all the way by the Endangered Species Act ó that led to the Sonoran Desert Conservation Plan. This successful effort sets aside many of our regionís critical conservation areas while identifying sites best suited for building homes, businesses and industries. The plan goes a long way toward protecting the Sonoran Desert.
One of the keys to our success has been a peer-reviewed study of the regionís most imperiled species, including 16 protected under the Endangered Species Act. Science really can show the way to better public policy, despite what some people want to tell you. The Endangered Species Act established the science-based habitat management rules that showed us how to write our conservation plan. It can provide the same guidelines elsewhere.
Without the protections set forth in the Endangered Species Act, it would have been impossible to get the regionís diverse conservation, political and business interests to sit down and negotiate a long-term sustainable solution to the future of growth in our region. Itís a useful framework for deciding what will fit where and how different interests can coexist. Rather than running roughshod or taking a my-way-or-else approach, everyone sat down and had to examine the effects of their decisions carefully. We could use more of that in Washington, but thatís another story.