Obscurely nestled between the 50th and 60th anniversaries of the Brown v. Board of Education decision and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a much overlooked milestone. That is the 55th anniversary of the creation of the Office of Minority Business Enterprise, the predecessor of the Minority Business Development Agency as we know it today.
But it is an agency whose existence is centered on social identity over broad social impact. And for that reason, while its core services should remain, the entity itself should be dissolved by Congress authorizing the president to consolidate redundant or unnecessary federal agencies.
To be sure, social inclusion to correct generations of racial discrimination in the field of business is a laudable effort, but the means of doing so must be rigorous.
We must not confuse identity-based outputs for impact-centered outcomes. How much capital and contracts MBDA helps secure for scaleable business owners of color should not trump the need for such beneficiaries to be among the enterprises that assist in sustaining communities and improve local and regional economies.
Created by executive order by President Richard Nixon in 1969, this government entity was established to provide inroads to federal contracting opportunities for business owners of color. The initiative targeted African-Americans in the wake of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. assassination the year before, making its original intent to suppress rather than to redress long-standing disparities in business opportunities based on race.
Nixon reportedly believed the best way to stem ongoing racial unrest was to create more Black capitalists — people who would have an actual stake in society through business ownership.
However, there are three reasons racial disparities in business should not be addressed by the MBDA.
First, the name itself is antiquated and increasingly meaningless. By the time the MBDA gets sufficient funding to operate, the “minority” it will serve will be white people. Also, “minority” is a simplistic and imprecise proxy for racial hardship.
Business owners of color from communities that are over-represented in commerce do not need race-specific help. It is also questionable how much race-specific help the approximately 40 under-resourced Minority Business Development Centers in this country can actually provide their clients. With increased funding, the Small Business Administration’s Small Business Development Centers are capable of providing essential services MBDCs provide.
Second, its mission is skewed. Instead of an agency that primarily seeks to assist large-scale businesses that contract with the federal government and customers overseas, tax-payers need an entity that focuses on assisting businesses serving the most economically distressed communities in America.
While the last annual MBDA performance report published in 2012 highlights how many jobs were created and retained by MBDA clients, there is no evidence that its services produced even a trickle-down effect from these achievements that benefited the communities of color who are suffering the most in the wake of the Great Recession.
Third, the MBDA’s services revolve around a poorly defined problem.
Rep. Eric Swalwell, D-Calif., walks on Broadway after a Future Forum with young entrepreneurs in the Flatiron District of New York City, April 16, 2015. Reps. Steve Israel, D-N.Y., Seth Moulton, D-Mass., and Grace Meng, D-N.Y., also attended.