When it comes to choosing the right energy to power Americaís communities and economies, itís safe to say that most Americans, if given the option, would choose an energy source much like they might choose a neighborhood in which to buy a home. Cleanliness becomes a factor, as does the overall health of the neighborhood, but so too the sustainability of the community: Will it thrive and will the local housing market be healthy enough to profitably sell at some point?
This is exactly how we should be thinking of energy: Are our energy sources clean enough and healthy enough for Americans and will they be able to sustain America, economically and environmentally, long into the future? The renewability and sustainability of any energy source must be front and center in any policy decision, whether itís finite fossil fuels or infinite solar and wind energy. This is vitally important because the U.S. energy sector is currently responsible for about one-third of domestic greenhouse gas emissions, according to official government data.
President Barack Obamaís decision to ensure our existing power plants are contributing constructively to the physical health of our citizens and the health of our economy is part and parcel of what policymakers must consider when protecting this country and ensuring its long-term survival. We cannot let Big Polluters stand in the way of improving Clean Air Act standards to safeguard the health of Texas families. The EPAís action follows the failure of Congress to do its job. Climate change is already happening across America.
First and foremost, we must do whatís right for the health of Americaís citizens. We know that Americaís existing coal-fired power plants presently come with a higher risk of heart attacks, lung cancer, asthma and other health problems via the pollutants that contribute to soot, acid rain and ozone. There is no question that America is going to be much healthier with up to one quarter less sulfur dioxide, mercury and nitrogen oxide in the air, which is the estimated cleanup after the new rules are in place.
In Texas, we know this all too well, as the Latino community is disproportionately impacted when it comes to the adverse effects on health. Roughly 40 percent of Latinos live within 30 miles of a power plant, which means theyíre highly vulnerable to the negative impacts of a power plantís toxic pollutants and particle soot. Furthermore, nearly 1 in 2 Latinos reside in counties that are in frequent violation of ozone standards. Latinos are three times more likely to die from asthma than any other ethnic group.
Second, we must do whatís right for the health of Americaís economy. We know that the employment and economic opportunities available to Americans, with the decision to clean up coal-fired power plants, far outweigh any adverse effects that come with reforming business as usual. With cleaner power plants, one study shows that American households and business customers will be able to save up to $37.4 billion on their electric bills in 2020 and it will create more than 274,000 jobs. Another study goes further, suggesting that 300,000 new high-skill and high-pay jobs will be created for engineers, project managers, electricians, boilermakers, pipefitters and ironworkers.
Terri Henderson, 6, center, whose mother is El Salvador, attends a rally with members of Congress at Union Station's Columbus Circle to announce the Restore Opportunity, Strengthen, and Improve the Economy (ROSIE) Act on July 29, 2014. The legislation provides incentives for government contractors to pay a living wage and other benefits that would help low-income workers.