Congress is using the power of the purse strings to put more pressure on the planners behind the Eisenhower Memorial, a project that is now nearly 15 years in the making.
The project received only $1 million of its $51 million request, meaning the Eisenhower Memorial Commission will have to stretch to cover operating costs for the professional staff at its K Street office suite. Appropriators have in the past set aside $2 million for that function.
The fiscal 2014 omnibus funding bill also effectively blocks construction on the four-acre site just off the National Mall until the next round of appropriations. It zeroes out federal funding for construction and asks for a progress report on private fundraising efforts for the $142 million memorial to former president and World War II hero Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Interior appropriators are also asking the 11-member commission (which includes four members of the House and three senators) to play nice with other parties involved in the process.
“The Committees urge the Commission to work with all constituencies — including Congress and the Eisenhower family — as partners in the planning and design process,” the bill states.
The design proposed by architect Frank Gehry has inspired public criticism from the Eisenhower family, scathing commentaries in the national media and some backlash from the federal bodies required to give final approval to the plan.
The commission issued a statement saying it is “pleased” Congress continues to authorize its work and provide operations funding, and indicating it would continue moving forward with the federal approvals process.
“As we continue the important process of memorializing Dwight D. Eisenhower, we are moving forward this year with the federal approvals process: continued approvals from both the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts and the National Capital Planning Commission,” the commission said in the statement.
Bruce Cole, a member of the Eisenhower Memorial Commission who has been highly critical of the current design, said the Gehry plan is “on life support.” The art historian and former National Endowment for the Humanities chairman has in the past likened the clusters of statues and colonnades planned for the 4-acre site to “a huge amusement park.” Cole hopes the congressional pressure might inspire a new plan for a memorial to Ike that better “reflects his ideals, values and modesty.”
The bill eliminates a waiver that allowed the commission to proceed with construction before funds for the memorial’s design and construction had been raised — making the commission responsible for raising most of the estimated $142 million if it wants to break ground before October.
Typically, federal law requires memorial sponsors to have full funding in place before construction permits are issued. In its fiscal 2012 appropriations, Congress granted a waiver from the “sufficient amounts” clause of the National Capital Memorials and Commemorative Works Act that would have allowed construction of the Eisenhower Memorial to proceed on a pay-as-you-go basis. For this fiscal year, they would eliminate that waiver, extending a provision introduced in October’s continuing resolution.
Vice President Joe Biden waits to conduct a mock swearing-in ceremony with Sen. Brian Schatz, D-Hawaii, in the Capitol's Old Senate Chamber, December 2, 2014. Schatz was sworn in to serve the remainder of his term since he was appointed to the seat after Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, passed away.