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Democrats are reintroducing legislation this week that would renew the Violence Against Women Act for five years, and the updated proposal includes at least one key concession to Republicans.
The renewal of the 1994 law, which was reauthorized with overwhelming bipartisan support in 2000 and 2005, faltered during the 112th Congress, when Democrats tried to expand the statute to include new protections for domestic violence victims who are gay and lesbian, American Indians and immigrants. Republicans criticized those changes as an election-year ploy designed to isolate the GOP and give a campaign advantage to Democrats, particularly among female voters.
But Republicans also raised a more technical concern about the bill Democrats pushed through the Senate last April. They said the Senate legislation contained an unconstitutional revenue increase that was part of a Democratic effort to make more visas available to immigrant victims of domestic abuse.
The provision was unconstitutional, House Republican leaders contended, because the Constitution requires all revenue legislation to originate in the House. The House passed its own version of the renewal — without the revenue language or the visa expansion — in May.
The bill that Democrats are introducing this week in both chambers appears to take the technical argument away from the GOP by simply removing the visa expansion and the revenue provision that pays for it.
House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif. , is working with Democratic Reps. Gwen Moore of Wisconsin and John Conyers Jr. of Michigan and others on the House version of the bill. House Democrats have scheduled a Wednesday news conference to announce the reintroduction of the legislation.
“There is no increase in the number of available U visas,” according to an overview of the legislation released by Pelosi’s office Tuesday, a reference to the visa program that was a key part of the two chambers’ standoff over the domestic violence law last year.
In a statement Tuesday, Leahy said the new legislation does not include an increase in U visas available to immigrant victims.
“In the interest of making quick and decisive progress, we introduce the bill today without that provision in order to remove any excuse for House inaction,” Leahy said. “We have retained other important improvements for immigrant victims in the bill we introduce today as part of our commitment to ensuring that all victims are protected.”