Everyone in Washington has an opinion on Rep. Pete Stark. The California Democrat’s penchant for speaking his mind — at times when things were better left unsaid — has earned him quite a reputation. In the end, it may have been part of what led to his defeat, but it is also something that will be sorely missed on Capitol Hill.
Stark’s career is much more than the quips that are rehashed every few years. Each day, millions of Americans are helped by legislation he authored and pushed to enactment through four decades of dedicated public service.
Serving as either chairman or ranking member of the Ways and Means Health Subcommittee since 1985, his mark on health policy — especially Medicare — can’t be overstated.
He created COBRA health insurance coverage, which has allowed millions of Americans to maintain coverage while they are between jobs. He authored the life-saving Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act, which requires emergency rooms to treat patients suffering from health emergencies before questioning whether they have health insurance.
Like the late Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass., Rep. Henry A. Waxman, D-Calif., and other legislators with substantial accomplishments on health, Stark’s approach was nothing if not practical. He never let the perfect be the enemy of the good, but he could always be counted on to lead the charge in opposition to provisions that would take the nation backward.
He worked closely with President George Bush and organized the health care industry to develop the formula that underlies the Medicare physician payment system now used by most private insurers. The health IT provisions in the 2009 stimulus, which are helping modernize our health care system, are modeled on his legislation, the Health-e Information and Technology Act of 2008. He wrote the “Stark laws,” which limit physician self-referral arrangements that put profit ahead of patient care.
His leadership doesn’t stop at health care policy.
After meeting a young Steve Jobs on a cross-country flight in the early 1980s, he worked closely with him to create what has often been called “the Apple tax credit” to provide an enhanced deduction for companies that donate computers to schools.
He has been a consistent outspoken opponent of war, and his calls for reining in wasteful defense spending are now mainstream. He won passage of a tax on ozone-destroying chemicals in the late 1980s, effectively driving the development of less harmful alternatives. More recently he has led the way in pushing for a carbon tax — an idea that is gaining traction here and around the world. He helped to rewrite the tax code in 1986. He has worked to improve the lives of America’s foster children, enact paid family leave, end discrimination against gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender individuals in adoptions and protect Social Security.
And his leadership goes far beyond the wonkiness of Washington.
In 2007, Stark’s candor was displayed when he became the first member of Congress to declare himself an atheist. For his honesty in taking on a political taboo and his work to defend the separation of church and state, he was recognized as the Humanist of the Year in 2008, joining the likes of Kurt Vonnegut, Jonas Salk and Alice Walker.
From left, Lisa Peng, daughter of Peng Ming, Grace Ge Geng, daughter of Gao Zhisheng, and Ti-Anna Wang, daughter of Wang Bingzhang, hold pictures of their imprisoned fathers during a House Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations hearing in the Rayburn House Office Building titled “Their Daughters Appeal to Beijing: ‘Let Our Fathers Go!’”
Each year since 1990, CQ Roll Call has reviewed the financial disclosures of all 541 senators, representatives and delegates to determine the 50 richest members of Congress. This year's report, derived from forms covering the calendar year 2012, shows it took a net worth of $6.67 million to crack the exclusive club.