The same conservative activist groups that continue to cause the GOP establishment so much heartburn are approaching the 113th Congress and the 2014 election cycle with what might appear to be a surprising level of sobriety and realism.
To varying degrees, these organizations acknowledge the limits of Republican power in Washington, recognizing that the GOP House majority cannot dictate to a Senate and White House controlled by Democrats, and they concede that their own process for recruiting candidates and influencing Senate races needs refinement and improvement. They also gently chide their congressional conservative allies who, while heeding calls to oppose particular legislation, haven’t always done so with a political strategy in mind for persuading voters.
With the debt ceiling fight immediately at hand, leaders of the Club for Growth, FreedomWorks and Heritage Action for America told CQ Roll Call that while the perfect outcomes they advocate might not be achievable on this or other issues during the next two years, Republicans can still accomplish much. What they want are GOP leaders willing to fight and Republicans across the spectrum who prioritize a concerted strategy for winning broad public support over playing Beltway politics with Democrats.
“You have to win the battle of ideas,” said Club for Growth President Chris Chocola, whose group with its reputation for targeting incumbents in GOP primaries inspires perhaps the most fear among House Republicans. “There is a limit to what Republicans can do — they have the House, that’s it. But they can engage in the battle of ideas to the point where they can expose the other side.”
In the aftermath of President Barack Obama’s re-election and Democrats expanding their Senate majority, Washington’s well-known tea-party-affiliated organizations — including the club, FreedomWorks and Heritage Action, among others — are hardly going soft. Key votes against undesirable legislation, such as disaster relief for victims of Superstorm Sandy, not to mention the bipartisan deal averting the fiscal cliff, continue apace, and the threat of targeting perceived wayward Republicans in the 2014 House and Senate primaries remains.
But in terms of recognizing what the House Republican majority can actually push through a Democratic Senate and get Obama to sign, realism pervades. How congressional Republicans respond to this opposition is what most concerns conservative groups. It’s hard to tell what kind of deal on the debt ceiling and other matters the groups might find acceptable — and whether they’ll agree amongst themselves as to what that is.
There was a consensus, however, on bringing back regular order in the House to pass legislation that 218 Republicans can agree on and letting that serve as the GOP’s negotiating position on matters such as the debt ceiling. And, when Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid informs Speaker John A. Boehner that the bill is unacceptable, they want the Ohio Republican to eschew private talks and tell the Nevada Democrat that his conference will only accept a counteroffer in the form of legislation.
“The frustration from conservatives is when you never have a chance to have the conflict,” Heritage Action CEO Michael A. Needham said. “There’s something about going behind closed doors that sends a message that you’re not really trying to win an argument with the American people.”
Vice President Joe Biden waits to conduct a mock swearing-in ceremony with Sen. Brian Schatz, D-Hawaii, in the Capitol's Old Senate Chamber, December 2, 2014. Schatz was sworn in to serve the remainder of his term since he was appointed to the seat after Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, passed away.