April 17, 2014

Congressional Budget Office Says Annual Deficit Has Shrunk

The budget deficit for fiscal 2011 has shrunk to $1.28 trillion from the previous year’s shortfall of $1.29 trillion, but at 8.5 percent of the gross domestic product it will be the third-largest deficit, as a share of the economy, of the previous 65 years, according to the Congressional Budget Office.

“The deficit that CBO projects for 2011 is lower than what the agency estimated in March,” the CBO said in its updated budget and economic outlook released Wednesday. “Nevertheless, this year’s shortfall — at 8.5 percent of GDP — will still be much larger than the average annual deficit of 2.8 percent experienced over the past 40 years.”

Democrats and Republicans both saw fodder in the report to tout their own agendas and were quick to point out perceived shortcomings in the other’s policies.

“This analysis reveals two productive trends, reduced long-term deficits and gains in economic growth, but neither is as robust as is needed to get our economy going again,” said Sen. Charles Schumer (N.Y.), who heads the Senate Democrats’ policy and communications operation. “This makes the case for immediate jobs measures to boost growth and for ending tax breaks for millionaires in order to keep us on the path towards a balanced budget. It’s clear from this report that the Republican approach to the economy is harmful to both growth and deficit reduction and is holding back the recovery.”

Senate Democrats believe that the tax burden on upper income earners should be raised to reduce the deficit because high earners have been the main beneficiaries under tax policies first enacted during the administration of President George W. Bush.

Republicans have resisted any effort to raise taxes, arguing that it would, among other things, hurt small-business owners. Instead, the GOP has focused on cutting spending and is pushing to change how the social safety net for the elderly and the poor is structured.

“While the spending cuts made in recent months have resulted in some limited improvement in our fiscal outlook, President Obama’s policies are continuing to make it harder for the private sector to create jobs, and that’s continuing to make it harder to balance the federal budget,” Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) said. “The CBO update is further confirmation of the need for the president to abandon his reliance on short-term fixes and ‘stimulus’ spending gimmicks, and work with us to remove government barriers that are standing in the way of long-term job growth.”

The fiscal 2011 budget deficit “reflects a difference between federal revenues that are much lower than average and federal outlays that are much higher than average,” the CBO said.

According to the CBO’s estimates, revenues this year will amount to 15.3 percent of GDP, compared with an average of 18.0 percent over the past 40 years, and outlays will amount to 23.8 percent of GDP, above their 40-year average of 20.8 percent.

The budget office attributed the gap between revenues and outlays to a combination of factors, including an imbalance between revenues and spending that predated the previous recession, which ended in June 2009; sharply lower revenues and elevated spending associated with the severe drop in economic activity; and the costs of various federal policies implemented in response to those conditions.

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