The musical chairmanship game set off by Senate Finance Chairman Max Baucus’ retirement could put one of the Democrats’ biggest oil and gas industry boosters in charge of the Energy panel — and simultaneously improve her re-election chances.
Louisiana Democrat Mary L. Landrieu is currently third in the Energy and Natural Resources Committee’s pecking order, following Chairman Ron Wyden of Oregon and South Dakota’s Tim Johnson, who is also retiring at the end of his term. Wyden is next in line for the Finance Committee gavel in the 114th Congress — an opening on one of the most powerful committees in Congress that could be hard for the tax policy technocrat to pass up.
Landrieu is facing a tough campaign to keep her seat in a “red” state. Republican Rep. Bill Cassidy has already announced he will challenge her, and Landrieu is a prime target in the GOP campaign to win control of the Senate. While Landrieu is among the more conservative Democrats in the Senate, Republicans have been attacking her for votes to support President Barack Obama’s health care overhaul and to back broader background checks for gun buyers.
But Louisiana political analysts say the prospect of taking charge at a committee so critical to her state’s economy would help Landrieu raise campaign money from oil and gas interests and be a selling point with voters.
“That would be huge,” said Clancy DuBos, a Louisiana political analyst and columnist. It has been more than 20 years ago since Democrat J. Bennett Johnston — whom Landrieu replaced in the Senate — chaired the Energy and Natural Resources Committee.
DuBos said Landrieu has consistently worked to secure support from Republican oil interests in her state. Energy-related political action committees contributed $196,800 to Landrieu — more than any other interest group — in the last election cycle, according to PoliticalMoneyLine. And the Center for Responsive Politics reports that employees and political action committees affiliated with the New Orleans-based utility Entergy Corp. were Landrieu’s top overall contributors since 2007.
The possibility of an Energy chairmanship could make those donors even more enthusiastic — and could help her critics at home forget about the health care and background check votes.
“I think people in Louisiana might be willing to forgive a lot,” DuBos said.
While Landrieu’s re-election is critical to Democratic hopes of retaining control of the Senate, it’s possible that the GOP could capture the Senate in any event. That would leave Landrieu in the less glamorous position of ranking minority member of the committee. But even then, her alliance on energy issues with Alaska Republican Lisa Murkowski — in line to become chairwoman should the GOP win the Senate — would leave Landrieu in an influential position.
Landrieu has been a consistent and aggressive backer of domestic oil and gas production and offshore drilling in particular. She has worked hard to secure for her state a share of the royalties from energy production in coastal waters.