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Barletta's Battle to Halt Illegal Immigration

Bill Clark/CQ Roll Call File Photo
Barletta is firm in his positions on the harm that illegal immigration causes and how pessimistic he is that any new bill will actually secure the border.

At a closed-door GOP Conference meeting April 10, Rep. Lou Barletta went up to the microphones for the first time since he was elected to Congress in 2010.

The Pennsylvania Republican told colleagues about his unique experience as a mayor trying to deal with increased crime and strains on city services as the population of Hazleton, Pa., swelled by 50 percent because of an influx of illegal immigrants.

The emergency room in the hospital, the wait time began to increase to six, seven, eight hours. If you follow illegal immigration this is not uncommon because illegal immigrants will use the emergency room for primary health care because you cant be refused and you cant ask whether youre in the country legally or illegally. So theyll use the emergency room from hangnail to heart attack, Barletta said in an interview the next day in his Cannon office.

Barletta approached the Justice Department seeking help, but all he received was a mug, which he keeps in a display case in his office, a lapel pin and a pat on the back.

Barletta came to the nations attention in 2006 by vowing to make Hazleton, an old Pennsylvania coal town, one of the toughest places for illegal immigrants to live in the United States.

Now, in the House, the sophomore lawmaker is one of the most stalwart opponents of the comprehensive immigration bill that bipartisan legislators are crafting in secret. But while he has maintained his staunch views on the topic, so far he is picking a fight on process, rather than substance.

Alarmingly, there appears to be a rush to force legislation to the floor of the House of Representatives without going through the committee process, Barletta wrote in an April 10 letter to House leaders obtained by CQ Roll Call.

Americans already hold a severe distrust of Congress as an institution. To purposefully give the citizens further proof of Washingtons disdain for their interest would be immensely arrogant and needlessly disrespectful.

The next day, Chief Deputy Majority Whip Peter Roskam privately assured Barletta that any immigration legislation would go through relevant committees, a sentiment echoed by key Republicans such as Policy Committee Chairman James Lankford of Oklahoma in interviews.

But the episode is illustrative of how the immigration bills process could be the most delicate part of passing it.

On the one hand, proponents are terrified of letting the bill sit out in the open to be picked apart in the media. But efforts to fast-track the process could only add to suspicion from grass-roots opponents.

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