Congress has immersed itself in a nettlesome debate over the advertised cost of air travel — whether ticket sellers should be forced to display the full cost of a ticket with all taxes and fees, or, as airlines desire, they should be able to separate add-ons and only show the base price. Competing bills in the House and the Senate embrace these two very different approaches. Prickly rhetoric has flown back and forth across the Capitol. Each side claims the mantle of “transparency,” and asserts that the best interest of the consumer is their principal motivation.
A couple of overlooked questions here: Is Congress even trying to fix the right problem? Has anyone actually asked consumers what’s most important to them when it comes to air travel?
The U.S. Travel Association did. The results are surprising.
Surveyed air travelers made it clear that while the price of flying is certainly on their minds, their top worries lie elsewhere. The number one overall concern: delays and cancellations, named by 39 percent of flyers as the worst aspect of flying.
The second-most cited gripe about flying is indeed a pricing issue: the fees imposed by airlines for things such as checked bags, select seating and priority boarding (26 percent). However, it is notable that these are entirely distinct from government-imposed taxes and fees, which were named by less than 1 percent of travelers as a top concern — behind such responses as the security screening process (8 percent), terrorism (3 percent) and “no concerns” (6 percent).
In other words, the air travel bills creating a stir in Congress attempt to address a problem that is identified by about one out of every 100 air travel consumers as a central concern.
Interestingly, the issues that contribute to travelers’ most-cited worry — delays and cancellations, which afflict 1 out of 5 U.S. flights — have not exactly flown under the radar. The chief culprit there is the infrastructure that supports flying, such as airports and the air traffic control system. Congress has for years been warned about the grim and worsening outlook for these aging facilities.
The Federal Aviation Administration predicts that 27 major airports won’t have enough capacity to meet demand in the next 10 years. At JFK and Newark alone, this will cost the U.S. economy $6 billion annually by 2016. Air traffic control is completely reliant upon technology that first entered widespread use during World War II. “NextGen,” the project that is supposed to gradually upgrade and replace those systems, is almost a decade behind schedule due to mismanagement and spotty congressional appropriations. The U.S. pioneered and long dominated commercial air travel, but the most recent global rankings did not place a single U.S. airport in the top 50.
It bears mentioning that the No. 3 greatest concern raised in our traveler survey — the safety of flying (11 percent) — is closely linked to those infrastructure issues as well.
Even more troubling is that air travel demand continues to grow. 210 million passengers are expected to take to the skies during the summer travel season — up 1.5 percent from last year, and the highest figure since the recession. The added strain upon a system that is struggling at current capacity levels is a recipe not only for increased consumer frustration, but also for outright damage to the U.S. economy.
Rep. Eric Swalwell, D-Calif., walks on Broadway after a Future Forum with young entrepreneurs in the Flatiron District of New York City, April 16, 2015. Reps. Steve Israel, D-N.Y., Seth Moulton, D-Mass., and Grace Meng, D-N.Y., also attended.