Each Congress, the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, on which I serve as chairman, considers the Water Resources Development Act to authorize critical navigation, flood protection and environmental restoration projects. These projects, which are carried out by the Army Corps of Engineers, create family-wage jobs, protect our citizens and communities from flooding and damaging coastal storms and help restore many of Americas natural treasures.
WRDA projects have enabled our nation to develop vital navigation corridors, such as the Mississippi, Missouri and Ohio Rivers and the ports of Los Angeles and New York-New Jersey. Through the years, those corridors have been a critical link in the nations economic growth, because they moved goods and services to domestic and international markets, and they are a crucial factor in our economic recovery today. By preventing economic damage to major cities and small towns from flooding or coastal storms, WRDA projects have resulted in billions of dollars of federal savings. Additionally, WRDA legislation has set in motion national efforts to restore many of our ecological treasures, such as the Florida Everglades.
The slow economic recovery is another reason to enact WRDA legislation not shelve it. In its statement in support of a WRDA bill earlier this year, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce affirmed that infrastructure investment is a proven strategy for job creation.
Throughout its history, the committee has developed bipartisan WRDA legislation, including most recently in 2007, which authorizes projects without regard to the political party of the Member of Congress representing the district in which the project is located. In 2007, overwhelming bipartisan support for WRDA enabled Congress to successfully override a presidential veto for only the 107th time in the nations history, and WRDA 2007 has been responsible for making communities across the nation safer and more economically viable.
Regrettably, the pull of partisan politics has upset the better traditions of the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure and threatens efforts to meet the nations flood protection, navigation and environmental restoration challenges. For the first time, the Republican leadership of the committee opposes passage of a new WRDA. They question the need for continued investment in our nations infrastructure, suggesting that times are different and that even wise investments in navigation and flood protection infrastructure should be shelved.
I find these positions troubling for many reasons.
First, it is important to recognize the difference between authorizing these vital water-related projects, as opposed to funding these projects through Congressional appropriations. The simple difference is that authorizing legislation, such as WRDA, establishes priorities in meeting the nations vital infrastructure needs. These bills have no effect on federal spending, the deficit or the national debt, because authorizing legislation does not allocate funding for the projects. Instead, authorizing legislation only provides our communities the ability to compete with other projects for the limited federal resources that will be made available through the appropriations process.
Vice President Joe Biden waits to conduct a mock swearing-in ceremony with Sen. Brian Schatz, D-Hawaii, in the Capitol's Old Senate Chamber, December 2, 2014. Schatz was sworn in to serve the remainder of his term since he was appointed to the seat after Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, passed away.