Biomass power is electricity produced from organic waste and industry byproducts that have no other purpose than to decompose in landfills or rot on the forest floor. The electricity-generating process for biomass power eliminates harmful methane gas and reduces carbon dioxide emissions. Accounting for the displacement of fossil fuels, biomass power removes more than 30 million tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere each year.
This summer, Congress recognized that tapping into biomass power was the only way all 50 states will meet the ambitious goals of a federal renewable electricity standard. Policymakers approved a broad definition of biomass power to ensure that southeastern states without sustainable access to wind or solar power could count on biomass to make up a significant percentage of their electricity. Still, there are serious threats to the biomass power industry buried in the energy legislation that would ultimately sink any chance of fully meeting the administrations stated goals.
In the Jumpstart Our Business Strength Act of 2004, Congress awarded five-year production tax credits to new and existing biomass power facilities because of their positive impact on climate change and the economy. Now those credits are set to expire on Dec. 31 of this year. By allowing these essential tax credits to expire, Congress would be pulling the plug on thousands of clean energy jobs all across the United States.
Under the same JOBS Act, wind and geothermal power each received production tax credits at twice the rate of biomass power for 10 years. In essence, biomass power was awarded half the tax credit for half the time period. There is no legitimate public policy reason for this disparity and Congress should restore fairness in the production tax credit by granting extensions for biomass power at the same rate as other renewables.
Currently, biomass power accounts for more than half of all the renewable electricity produced in the United States, and the Department of Energy predicts that biomass could potentially make up as much as 15 percent of Americas entire electricity supply. Despite this forecast, Congressional inaction could force the closure of as many as 50 percent of Americas operating biomass power facilities.
These biomass power facilities are primarily located in small, rural communities all across the United States, providing hundreds of jobs and sustaining local economies. If Congress does not extend biomass powers production tax credits for an additional five years, these rural towns in the heartland of America will be hardest hit. Jobs will be lost, instead of created.