But Steele, the former Maryland lieutenant governor and first African-American to lead the committee, is not without his fans. His tenure has featured historic Republican victories at all levels.
On Nov. 2, the GOP picked up a net gain of 63 House seats — the largest Republican gain in more than half a century — six Senate seats and a nearly 700 state legislative seats. Earlier in 2010, the GOP won an additional Senate seat in a special election in deep-blue Massachusetts, and in 2009, the Republicans won Democratic-held governorships in New Jersey and Virginia, stats that Steele made sure to mention when making his surprise announcement Monday night.
Sen. Orrin Hatch, who is up for re-election in 2012 and has been among the most avid fundraisers on behalf of the National Republican Senatorial Committee since 2007, said he has been pleased with Steele’s leadership of the RNC. In praising Steele, the Utah Republican alluded to criticism that Steele has received for his flamboyant, media-friendly approach versus the typical behind-the-scenes managerial role assumed by most chairmen.
“I like Michael Steele a lot, and I think he tried his dead-level best,” Hatch said, describing Steele as “out there, out front, leading the charge.”
Unlike most incumbents, Steele starts this race as the prohibitive underdog.
Among the contenders he will be challenging in next month’s election are former allies, and some of the RNC members he counted as supporters have already endorsed his rivals in the contest. At least one of his rivals from his first bid, Saul Anuzis of Michigan, is running again.
News outlet estimates have placed Steele’s support in the 2011 vote at about 40 to 50 members, about half of what he would need to win. His entry means the other candidates will divide up the anyone-but-Steele vote.
The top three favorites, according to a knowledgeable Republican source, are former RNC official Maria Cino, Wisconsin Republican Party Chairman Reince Priebus and former Ambassador Ann Wagner of Missouri. Cino has deep support inside the Beltway, which is why some Republicans give the nod to Priebus and Wagner.
Priebus managed Steele’s race for chairman in 2009 and served as general counsel for the RNC until earlier this month. Norm Semanko, chairman of the Idaho Republican Party and a Steele ally, took his place.
Another former Steele ally, Gentry Collins, created a splash in November when he resigned as political director of the RNC. He wrote a letter detailing problems at the RNC during Steele’s tenure, and on Monday he launched his own bid for chairman. He cited as assets his experience as a political operative in Iowa and at the RNC. He announced that Iowa GOP Chairman Matt Strawn, who announced last week that he will run for a second term, and Connecticut GOP Chairman Chris Healy, who recently abandoned the idea that he would run for chairman himself, are supporting him.
Former Sen. Norm Coleman flirted with running, but a spokesman for the Minnesotan confirmed Tuesday that Coleman would stand by his commitment not to seek the RNC chairmanship if Steele ran for re-election.
The RNC declined to comment, and an e-mail requesting comment sent to Steele’s re-election team elicited no response, but Steele made his case Monday night in a letter to RNC members.
United We Dream protesters carry a mock coffin to the office of Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, in the Dirksen Senate Office Building on Monday, July 21, 2014, to hold one of their "funeral services for the Republican Party" due to GOP positions on immigration. The immigration reform group visited several other Senate Republican offices to hold similar funeral services.