After a week of navel-gazing meetings, the caucus remains divided and indecisive as Senators attempt to apply the lessons of the 2010 midterms to their lame-duck agenda and strategy for the new Congress. But as they spent hour after hour last week clearing the air with gripes against their leadership and President Barack Obama, their GOP counterparts have been taking comfort in a renewed sense of unity and purpose.
As a result, Democrats will return from Thanksgiving break on Nov. 29 with barely four weeks to solve tax and spending problems that have bedeviled them all year and no plan for how to move forward.
Its like a giant psychiatric session, Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.) said last week of Democrats daily caucus meetings. I mean, what everyone is doing is trying to talk out how they feel.
Democrats continue to argue about, among other things, whether to pursue a limited continuing resolution to keep the government on autopilot or an omnibus spending bill for appropriations measures that are already two months overdue.
Until Democrats recognize Americans rejected them not because of how they communicated but what they were advocating, they will continue flailing around, said Ryan Loskarn, staff director for the Senate Republican Conference, which is chaired by Sen. Lamar Alexander (Tenn.). The Republican caucus as a whole has a far better understanding of what the country is asking of their leaders and thats given us an incredibly unifying sense of purpose and direction.
Senate Republicans, who gained six seats in this months midterms, returned to work last week and quickly coalesced around a Conference-wide resolution banning earmarks as well as other policy positions intended to rein in spending. Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (Ky.) adroitly avoided splintering his own caucus on the earmark moratorium by reversing his previously held position on the issue and supporting the ban. All but a handful of Republicans supported the moratorium, offered by Sen. Jim DeMint (S.C.), following McConnells lead.
Reid did make a significant change in announcing last week that he would cede much of his messaging and policy coordination duties to his No. 3 lieutenant, New York Sen. Charles Schumer. In the 112th Congress, Schumer will chair a new Democratic Policy Committee, which will merge Reids communications war room and try to harmonize the message with the policy pursuits. However, Reid continued to flounder at the end of last week in selecting a chairman for the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee.
And Democrats couldnt even decide what to focus their internal deliberations on.
Its like Groundhog Day in the Senate year-round, one Democratic aide said. Republicans are refusing to meet with the president, and Democrats are divided about what to do. What did we all learn from the elections?
The aide added that Democrats decided to avoid votes on tax cuts and gays in the military before the election, because it would theoretically put people in a tight spot, even though those votes have proved just as politically difficult after the elections.
While the Republicans are lining up bills in the House designed to weaken or embarrass Democrats, were still fighting last years battles, the aide said.
Indeed, last weeks discussions were largely a continuation of caucus battles that have been ongoing this year. Junior Democratic Members pushed to enact Senate and caucus rules reforms in a belief it would make the party more nimble and effective, while some Members became impatient with the lack of a strategy on the lame-duck agenda, which includes an important extension of Bush-era tax cuts that expire on Dec. 31.
Lawmakers such as Nebraska Sen. Ben Nelson said that based on the drubbing Democrats took on Nov. 2 and the state of the economy, rules reforms will have no place in the partys agenda next year.
I think all these other things are interesting, but not until weve done jobs, jobs, jobs, said Nelson, who is up for re-election in 2012.
Democrats are clearly worried about the Bush-era tax cuts, considering a failure to extend them by years end could cause a political disaster when the Treasury Department siphons more money from individuals paychecks. But whether to extend just those for middle-income families or those for all Americans has been a contentious issue.
Last week, Democrats indicated they are seriously considering voting on a bill that would extend tax cuts for those making $1 million or less, a significant change from Obamas proposal to only extend the tax breaks for those making $200,000 or less ($250,000 for couples). Democrats said it would allow them to accuse Republicans who oppose the idea of being shills for the super rich.
Also in play is a suggestion by the White House to extend middle-class tax breaks for a longer period of time than any extension of upper-income tax cuts, sources said.
However, Senators said it was too early to say whether either of those options or another option would emerge as an actual bill.
Reid defended the pace with which the caucus was moving, saying the three consecutive days of party meetings were very productive and that Weve covered a lot of things in periods that have been informative and good for me. But another Democratic Senator who emerged from one of those marathon sessions Thursday said under his breath, Its like a town hall in there.
Indeed, Tuesdays Democratic caucus meeting was unofficially dubbed by aides as a grievance session, and Thursdays meeting at one point grew heated when a frustrated Sen. Bill Nelson criticized Obama of creating a toxic political environment for his 2012 re-election prospects in Florida and blasted the White Houses lack of a clear messaging strategy.
Several Members said their indecision grew out of a desire to make sure the lame-duck session sets a positive tone for Democrats and their agenda next year, while others said this stretch of 2010 is the last-best hope for some liberal items that surely wont move next year when Democrats will shrink to a 53-Member caucus.
As a result, Reid has been trying to juggle the myriad requests of individual Senators. Sen. Joe Lieberman (ID-Conn.) called on Reid to carve out time to debate the repeal of dont ask, dont tell military policy and the defense authorization bill.
Sen. Bob Menendez (D-N.J.) hailed Reids plan to bring the immigration reform measure called the DREAM Act to the floor, and Sen. Claire McCaskill (D-Mo.) said a vote to end secret holds is on her wish list.
I think this is a discussion that goes beyond today, retiring Sen. Byron Dorgan (D-N.D.) said. Its the right time to do this, its a good thing to do and Sen. Reid wants to have the caucus involved in the development of a plan forward.
Vice President Joe Biden waits to conduct a mock swearing-in ceremony with Sen. Brian Schatz, D-Hawaii, in the Capitol's Old Senate Chamber, December 2, 2014. Schatz was sworn in to serve the remainder of his term since he was appointed to the seat after Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, passed away.