Ayotte recently sported a light gray business suit on the Senate floor that would have been unremarkable in the chambers sea of gray suits were it not for a singular feature.
But Senators’ ideas of what constitutes “proper” can change over the years, he says. For example, until the early 1990s, women did not wear pants on the Senate floor. On weekends, men would often wear more casual togs, like khakis and blazers, yet still, women were expected to don skirts (and the requisite hosiery that go with them). The chamber’s two women at the time, Sens. Nancy Kassebaum (R-Kan.) and Barbara Mikulski (D-Md.), finally devised a protest of sorts. They planned to wear trousers one weekend and told all the female staffers who might come to the floor to do the same.
No man said a word about it, and since then, pantsuits for women are as much a staple of Senate life (see Clinton, Hillary Rodham) as quorum calls and cloture votes.
“Informal it’s not,” Ritchie says of the chamber. “There can be change, but the Senate always puts a great emphasis on decorum.”
In the House, business-casual dress, including dressy sandals, cardigans instead of jackets and Capri pants, is a frequent sight. Rep. Michele Bachmann (R-Minn.) frequently wears sleeveless tops on the floor to vote, and her presidential campaign is shaping up to be a veritable parade of arms. Elsewhere in official Washington, anchors on cable news shows frequently favor sleeveless tops and plunging necklines.
But in the Senate, a certain formality is still the law of the land. Most of the chamber’s women favor traditional suits, often with skirts. Trends, from boho-chic to skinny-legged pants, have blithely passed them by. If Senate women had a patron saint, it might well be St. John, maker of those pricey knit suits favored by many a society dowager.
Still, without losing its trademark starchiness, the Senate lexicon seems to be adapting to include the occasional sleeveless top.
In a fashion spread in the October 2010 issue of Vogue magazine, Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand showed off her arms in a Michael Kors sheath dress. In one photo, the New York Democrat is pictured sitting on the floor of her Senate office reading to her two young children. It is an intimate pose, and her exposed arms certainly don’t read as a radical statement. But in another photo, she strides in front of the Capitol, wearing a different Kors dress. A jacket is slung over her shoulders, and yet even in such an official setting, there’s a tantalizing flash of arm.
Perhaps the Senate will never fully embrace the breezier standards that the House does. After all, if a Senator is dressed inappropriately — usually this would mean a male Senator showing up sans jacket or tie — the door staff might stop him and remind him of the preferred mode of dress.
And who oversees these gatekeepers? The Senate Sergeant-at-Arms.
Vice President Joe Biden waits to conduct a mock swearing-in ceremony with Sen. Brian Schatz, D-Hawaii, in the Capitol's Old Senate Chamber, December 2, 2014. Schatz was sworn in to serve the remainder of his term since he was appointed to the seat after Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, passed away.