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Washington, D.C.: The City That Never Was

Courtesy National Building Museum
The museum exhibit takes visitors through plans for the city, from the waterfront and Foggy Bottom to downtown, as well as designs for the National Mall.

Highways lining the National Mall.

Gondola rides up to the steps of the Capitol.

At some point in the District’s past, someone thought these were good ideas.

The latest exhibit at the National Building Museum, “Unbuilt Washington,” focuses on architecture plans for the federal city that never came to fruition.

“People who know the city well will find some surprises,” said Martin Moeller, the museum’s curator and senior vice president.

The exhibit takes visitors through plans for the city, from the waterfront and Foggy Bottom to downtown, as well as designs for the National Mall, the Capitol, the White House and Lafayette Square, the Library of Congress, the Smithsonian Institution, the Washington Monument and the various presidential memorials.

The exhibit has been in the works for the past year. After researching various plans for the District, Moeller pulled together items from the collections of the Library of Congress and the National Archives to tell the story of why Washington, D.C., looks the way it does by explaining what it doesn’t look like.

He wants people to look at the plans and realize that “nothing built is inevitable.”

“I hope that people come away with a greater appreciation for the complexities of the design process,” he said.

Moeller points to the Capitol as a prime example. The Dome and its wings are iconic now, but it could have taken several different directions.

“The saga of the Capitol is worthy of a reality show, every twist and turn you can imagine right from the start,” Moeller said.

The exhibit covers the plans for the Capitol pre-War of 1812, when the British burned it.

Originally, Pierre L’Enfant, who came up with the city plan, was supposed to design the “Congress House” and the “President’s House,” but he was fired before he could do so. A design contest for the building was held in 1792. Some of the renderings of the dreamed-up buildings appear in the exhibition. Many encompass the idea of separate wings for the two chambers, but other details vary.

One design from James Diamond shows a mansion-like building with a weather vane in the form of a rooster sitting atop a rounded turret.

“I think the design competition is interesting because it really shows the status of architecture in America in 1792, which is to say, there wasn’t one,” Moeller said.

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