Buoyed by the Occupy Wall Street movement, average citizens have made an unusual push to contact federal regulators engaged in the arcane process of writing new rules to regulate big banks. But they may be drowned out by financial industry players who are spending record sums on lobbying.
The focus on this David-versus-Goliath contest is the Volcker rule, a centerpiece of the Dodd-Frank financial reform law intended to block banks from the high-risk trading that triggered the 2008 financial crisis.
Federal regulators struggling to implement the rule have received regular visits from banking industry allies and lawyers. But they've also heard from thousands of citizens blasting the banks as "fools," "hogs" and "criminals," according to a Duke University law professor who's been analyzing the comment letters.
Public interest groups such as Americans for Financial Reform and Public Citizen — and more recently activists from Occupy the SEC, an offshoot of the OWS movement — have been ginning up letters to federal agencies about the Volcker rule.
The Occupy organizers are drafting a comprehensive set of public comments, with input from financial experts, academics and even former traders, to submit to federal regulators. The Federal Reserve, Securities and Exchange Commission and other federal agencies issued a draft regulation in October and have set a Jan. 13 deadline for public comment.
"Normally the only parties that respond to agency comments are the companies that are affected by the regulations and their attorneys," and those "are always critical of regulation," the Occupy group's website says. The group is urging Web visitors to write their own public comment letters.
Occupy the SEC organizer Elizabeth Friedrich, who works for a Manhattan nonprofit, was chipper about the campaign. "I think it's really empowering to create this public comment," she said.
But they are up against a significant opposition.
Lobbying by the top commercial banks jumped 12 percent in the first three quarters of this year compared with 2010, according to the Center for Responsive Politics, even as some industries scaled back their lobbying budgets. Wells Fargo lobbying spiked to $5.9 million, compared with $3.3 million last year, the center's data show.
Lobbying has been particularly intense around the Volcker rule, which was named after former Federal Reserve Chairman Paul Volcker. The idea behind it was to bar federally insured banks from using their own money to engage in risky bets, known as proprietary trading. The draft regulation released in October has drawn fire from the banks for being too stringent, and from some watchdogs for including too many exceptions.
"The rule as crafted is overly complex; I think everyone agrees with that," said former Rep. Ken Bentsen (D-Texas), an executive vice president at the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association.
Vice President Joe Biden waits to conduct a mock swearing-in ceremony with Sen. Brian Schatz, D-Hawaii, in the Capitol's Old Senate Chamber, December 2, 2014. Schatz was sworn in to serve the remainder of his term since he was appointed to the seat after Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, passed away.