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William Jefferson Appeal Could Weaken Corruption Statute

Bill Clark/CQ Roll Call File Photo
From left: Attorney Robert Trout, former Rep. William Jefferson and his wife, Andrea Jefferson, speak to the press following Jefferson's conviction on corruption charges in 2009. Jefferson is appealing based on the judge's definition of key legal terms.

A federal prosecutor warned Friday that if the conviction of former Rep. William Jefferson (D-La.) is reversed on appeal, it would place many fraudulent acts committed by lawmakers outside the scope of current bribery law.

Jefferson was convicted of 11 corruption charges in 2009, but his legal team is arguing that since the former Congressman’s scheme to connect businesses in which he had a financial stake with foreign governments was not related to his formal legislative duties, his activities are not covered by the bribery statute under which he was prosecuted.

Government prosecutors say agreeing with Jefferson’s argument would require a narrow interpretation of the law that is unprecedented.

“Congressman Jefferson asks this court to do something that no other court has done before. He asks this Court to find that a significant part of the job of a Member of Congress should be excluded from the reach of the federal bribery statute,” Assistant U.S. Attorney Mark Lytle told a three-judge panel of the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals during his closing arguments.

“Neither the text of the statute, its legislative history, the cases analyzing it, nor Congressman Jefferson’s own words and actions support such a proposition,” Lytle added.

Jefferson, 64, represented the district that includes most of New Orleans from 1991 to 2008.

Federal prosecutors alleged — and a jury agreed — that Jefferson committed multiple felonies during a years-long scheme to line his pockets that included demanding retainer payments and stock shares from businesses he agreed to promote during trips to Africa.

During visits to countries that included Cameroon and Nigeria, Jefferson would represent these businesses by using his position as a Congressman and government resources to gain access, including embassy-paid motorcades and letters sent on official stationary, court records show.

Executives of those firms would then send payments of cash and stock to companies that were owned by Jefferson’s family members but controlled by the Congressman, according to court filings.

Jefferson’s appeal hinges not on whether he committed the offenses for which he was convicted but what legal experts call a “novel” theory that the trial court judge erroneously defined key legal terms in the federal bribery statute for the jury.

Jefferson’s legal team argues that U.S. District Court Judge T.S. Ellis incorrectly told jurors that an “official act” for the purposes of a bribery conviction is “activities that have been clearly established by settled practice as part [of] a public official’s position.”

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