Rep. Barney Frank, a well-known openly gay Member, is not running for re-election. Some LGBT advocates worry that there will be a lapse in leadership on gay issues when the Massachusetts Democrat leaves the House.
Cicilline, a freshman, is part of the coalition pushing for a repeal of the Defense of Marriage Act that defines marriage as between one man and one woman, and he is a co-sponsor of legislation to repeal the law. But while he has won plaudits from leaders for aggressively tackling his first term, he’s having a tougher time with his district. Providence, the city where he once served as mayor, is in dire fiscal straits, and Cicilline’s 2010 Democratic primary opponent Anthony Gemma has hinted he might run again.
The changing makeup of the LGBT caucus in the House comes at a time when the Human Rights Campaign, the powerhouse pro-gay-rights group, is going through its own changes. The group’s president, Joe Solmonese, is stepping down next year. Despite various successes during his tenure, including the repeal of the military’s “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy, the group has been criticized for not taking an aggressive enough approach, particularly with Congressional Democrats.
Fred Sainz, vice president of communications for the HRC, acknowledged the gay rights community is now thrust into a transitional period because of Frank’s retirement and Solmonese’s departure. But, Sainz said, “New blood is good.”
“One of Barney’s greatest legacies is the new generation of leaders — gay and straight — that he’s inspired to make LGBT people and issues important to them a priority,” he said. “And while it will be a new era, we’re certain that our movement will keep moving forward as even greater majorities of Americans support our priorities.”
Sainz noted the Equality Caucus has grown to 99 members since its founding in 2008 and boasts three Republicans in its ranks, including Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (Fla.), one of the group’s vice chairmen. The membership, Sainz said, proves that “we’ve gotten to a point where it’s important for LGBT members to champion their issues, but these issues are no longer an issue that are advocated only by LGBT members.”
Gay rights activists are also looking to Baldwin to be their biggest Capitol Hill spokeswoman after next year, noting that she will remain the go-to voice on LGBT issues if she wins her Senate race. But Republicans are eyeing a pickup opportunity in Wisconsin and are targeting the seat. If she loses, and Cicilline loses in a primary, Polis could potentially be the only openly gay incumbent to return to Congress. Six Democratic House candidates and one Republican candidate running in 2012 are openly gay, so the LGBT community is hopeful it will increase its numbers next year.
The dearth of veteran openly gay lawmakers means activists might need to work with their broader network of non-gay supporters. Members such as Schakowsky and Rep. Jerrold Nadler (N.Y.), a liberal leading the fight against DOMA, could see their portfolios broaden. While Frank noted at a press conference on Tuesday that skilled legislators are helpful to the cause, maintaining a human face on LGBT issues under the Dome is just as important.
Rep. Elijah Cummings, D-Md., right, hugs Harold Schaitberger, General President of the International Association of Fire Fighters, after the Congressman spoke at the IAFF's Legislative Conference General Session at the Hyatt Regency on Capitol Hill, March 9, 2015. The day featured addresses by members of Congress and Vice President Joe Biden.