Congressional Hispanic Caucus Chairman Charlie Gonzalez said hes pessimistic about getting immigration reform legislation through Congress.
"We are implementing commonsense guidelines for prosecutorial discretion, are beginning a case-by-case review process to focus federal enforcement resources on the highest-priority individuals and are making improvements to the Secure Communities program, all of which strengthen the government's ability to target criminals even more effectively," he said in an email.
Sen. Dick Durbin (D-Ill.), who has led the fight for the DREAM Act, said he sympathizes with the White House. But he has at times urged administration officials to act more swiftly to change enforcement practices.
"The president's trying to balance enforcing the laws as written with his own personal feelings shared by Cecilia and myself that we need to do something dramatic for immigration reform," Durbin said. His DREAM Act would provide a path to citizenship for illegal immigrant children who go to college or join the military, but the measure has been blocked repeatedly in the Senate.
The administration's announcement Thursday on deportation will help, Durbin said, but it doesn't fix the problem.
The White House's biggest critics include Rep. Luis Gutierrez (D-Ill.), who has already been arrested twice in protests at the White House over its policies.
But Gutierrez isn't taking it out on Muñoz. "She's the person with the job," he said. "I understand why people would call her out on the one hand, and I understand why people would say, well, it's the framework that we've been given that we're going to work in through the end of this administration."
But Gutierrez said the White House needs to do much more if it wants an energized Hispanic community behind it next year.
"I can commit my vote, but unless I'm given tools, there's not much else I can commit," he said. Gutierrez said it's not enough to be a "pied piper."
The president's allies and the White House, meanwhile, continue to point blame in the GOP's direction.
"It has become a critical part of the Republican presidential debate that anybody who says they want to work to a solution is roundly criticized by the extremists in that party," Durbin said.
A senior Democratic aide working on immigration issues said last week that the Obama administration made two "fundamental miscalculations" at the beginning of his term. One was that the administration wanted the "whole enchilada" on reform, which was never going to pass Congress, and the second was a decision to "go all out on enforcement" in an effort to appeal to the GOP.
"Anybody could have told you in January 2009 there is no way in hell we were going to get the votes," the aide said. "We needed a new strategy."
The aide said even the latest efforts to adjust the deportation priorities are getting a soft sell from the administration. "They are so concerned about the reaction from the right wing," the aide said. But the aide felt like that caution was misplaced.
People who don't want immigration reform "aren't voting for you anyway."
The Obama administration's beefed-up enforcement and policing of the border "hasn't helped with the Republicans," Durbin said. "It turns out there was always something else that they were looking for."
Indeed, Republicans blasted the latest enforcement guidance, pitting illegal immigrants against the unemployed.
United We Dream protesters carry a mock coffin to the office of Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, in the Dirksen Senate Office Building on Monday, July 21, 2014, to hold one of their "funeral services for the Republican Party" due to GOP positions on immigration. The immigration reform group visited several other Senate Republican offices to hold similar funeral services.