A flat-rate spending-cut plan advocated by tea partyers is gaining fans in Washington, D.C.
The One Cent Solution requires Congress to reduce federal spending by 1 percent — one cent per dollar — of gross domestic product annually until 2018. That would take it from 25 percent of GDP to 18 percent, where it would be capped to balance the budget.
The seemingly simple proposal has drawn conservative activists and Republican lawmakers alike. Rep. Connie Mack IV (Fla.) has 41 co-sponsors for his version of the plan, called the One Percent Spending Reduction Act, and Sen. Mike Enzi (Wyo.) introduced a companion bill in his chamber last week.
It appeals to those seeking a more gradual approach than the dramatic and immediate cuts proposed by some hardliners affiliated with the tea party. Earlier this year, Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.) proposed $500 billion in cuts over one year. The 1 percent cut would be about $150 billion based on last year's GDP.
And unlike many other ideas floating around Washington to reduce the deficit, this one came from, and is popular with, the grass roots.
The chief cheerleader for the idea is Bruce Cook, a Georgia businessman and former state bureaucrat who calls himself "a Mr. Smith guy who goes to Washington."
Before his recent activism, Cook founded an abstinence-centered sex-education program. He also served in Georgia state government as head of the Department of Human Resources under Republican Gov. Sonny Perdue, where Cook implemented budget cuts that critics said hurt teen health programs.
Last year, Cook turned his focus national and started the nonprofit Citizens for Restoring America's Financial Future.
"The whole debt and deficit issue is at the forefront of people's minds. This gives them a plan," he said in an interview.
Once he had the One Cent Solution, Cook took two routes to get it to Capitol Hill. He hired lobbyists at Venn Strategies, whom he paid $90,000 between January and March, according to the firm's disclosure forms.
Cook also began presenting his plan to local business clubs and tea parties. Cook launched a grass-roots tour June 28 in Tennessee, hoping to reach 100 cities and get 1 million signatures on a petition for the plan.
"If we can engage the public, then they start to understand and communicate with their Members of Congress," he said. "We believe that, with the current conditions in Congress, legislators really need to hear from the folks back home."
So far, Cook has recruited 230 people to spread the word and has gathered nearly 5,000 signatures.
Together, the lobbying and advocacy efforts have won Cook and his plan access to Capitol Hill. When Mack introduced his bill in May, the Congressman invited Cook to appear at the press conference alongside him. Enzi also met with Cook's group before crafting the Senate bill.
Cook intended for the plan to be bipartisan. It doesn't specify which programs should be cut, but it requires that everything, including military spending, be on the table.
"What we do is force Congress to have a process," he explained.
But tea partyers have gravitated toward the plan and its focus on cuts. Harold Bost, co-founder of the Fayette County Issues Tea Party in Georgia, said many in his group are determined to see it passed.
Lois Lerner, director of exempt organizations for the IRS, arrives for a House Oversight and Government Reform Committee hearing on the investigation of the IRS' targeting of political groups. Lerner invoked her Fifth Amendment right to not testify and caused a protest from some committee members when she offered an opening statement and engaged in dialogue with members before invoking the right.
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