With bipartisanship a rare commodity on Capitol Hill and prospects of tax reform this year all but extinguished, House Majority Leader Eric Cantor is moving forward with a narrow tax cut measure aimed at reducing small-business tax rates for the next year.
Under the Virginia Republican’s bill, which will be introduced in the House today, small businesses with 499 or fewer employees would be able to deduct up to 20 percent of their income taxes, which could total up to 50 percent of the wages they pay employees.
The goal, Cantor said Tuesday, is to “help small businesses create more jobs” while Congress continues to struggle with the broader tax reform effort.
The House is expected to take up the bill during the week of April 16. Individual tax filings are due on the 16th. Cantor said his decision to pursue the narrowly crafted measure is based “on the same concept as behind the JOBS Act,” which passed the House by a wide bipartisan margin and could pass the Senate as soon as this week.
Cantor did not include exclusions for certain types of small businesses, and he opted to use the Small Business Administration’s definition of a small business to determine who should qualify for the tax cut.
Democrats have previously criticized his plan, arguing that it would apply to sports teams or wealthy financial firms. But Cantor rejected that argument, noting, “Do you do that with marginal tax rates?”
“That’s a false position or argument. ... We don’t do that with the overall tax code,” Cantor added, questioning the validity of Congress choosing which types of small businesses should be able to qualify for tax breaks.
Cantor told Roll Call that he and other Republican leaders “would like to drive toward overall tax reform” this year but that he views the 20 percent tax cut as a necessary step “while we are working toward that goal.”
In fact, Republicans and Democrats have been meeting with administration officials on and off for the past several months in hopes of finding some sort of common ground for a grand compromise on tax reform.
For instance, earlier this month, Senate Finance Chairman Max Baucus (D-Mont.), Finance ranking member Orrin Hatch (R-Utah), House Ways and Means Chairman Dave Camp (R-Mich.) and Ways and Means ranking member Sander Levin (D-Mich.) met with Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner to discuss the state of play.
Baucus and Camp have also held separate meetings to discuss possible ways forward.
But despite those efforts, most observers agree that a comprehensive bill is unlikely before the November elections — a fact Cantor said he is keenly aware of.
Vice President Joe Biden waits to conduct a mock swearing-in ceremony with Sen. Brian Schatz, D-Hawaii, in the Capitol's Old Senate Chamber, December 2, 2014. Schatz was sworn in to serve the remainder of his term since he was appointed to the seat after Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, passed away.