Hundreds of U.S. bishops decried the mandate as a violation of religious freedom, from the pulpit and in letters and public statements, and Catholic leaders worked to forge a compromise with the administration. Even Pope Benedict XVI weighed in, voicing concern over attempts “to limit that most cherished of American freedoms, the freedom of religion.”
Last month, the administration announced that insurance companies, not religious institutions, would bear the cost of the mandated birth control coverage, but the Catholic bishops remain dissatisfied. They sent letters to Capitol Hill trying to win approval for an amendment by Sen. Roy Blunt (R-Mo.) that would have effectively rolled back the mandate for religious institutions, but the Senate rejected it.
Now bishops from all over the country are gathered at the headquarters of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops for a meeting of the group’s elite administrative committee. Though the meeting’s agenda for today and Wednesday has not been released, the mandate was widely expected to be front and center.
There are signs that the bishops are eager to rally their flock behind them. The bishops have reissued an action plan dubbed “Forming Consciences for Faithful Citizenship,” which describes itself as “a call to political responsibility.” Dolan reportedly told a recent diocesan convention in New York: “We are called to be very active, very informed and very involved in politics.”
It’s unclear whether the Catholic flock will follow, however. Polls show that most Catholics believe Americans should have access to birth control and contraception and that they largely support the administration’s health care compromise.
“The polling clearly shows that the Catholic voters do not follow the bishops’ line on social issues,” said Jon O’Brien, president of Catholics for Choice. Several Catholic institutions, including the Catholic Health Association of the United States and the University of Notre Dame, came out in support of the administration’s compromise.
Increasingly, Catholics vote as a bloc within a couple of points of the population at large, say political analysts, possibly diluting their sway. The more relevant voting bloc in 2012 may well be women. Recent health care and contraception controversies have played to Democrats’ advantage, polls suggest, and the Obama campaign has moved quickly to seize its opening.
A key issue for the Catholic bishops is whether the contraception controversy is framed as a matter of health care policy or religious freedom, said political scientist Allen Hertzke, who authored the Pew report on religious advocacy.
“Will it be access to birth control, or will it be the threat to religious conscience rights?” asked Hertzke, a professor of political science at the University of Oklahoma. For Catholic bishops, the issue is clearly a matter of religious freedom. It remains to be seen whether rank-and-file Catholics agree.
Terri Henderson, 6, center, whose mother is El Salvador, attends a rally with members of Congress at Union Station's Columbus Circle to announce the Restore Opportunity, Strengthen, and Improve the Economy (ROSIE) Act on July 29, 2014. The legislation provides incentives for government contractors to pay a living wage and other benefits that would help low-income workers.