The only Member of Congress formally punished in the 111th Congress was Rep. Charlie Rangel, who was censured by the House in December for violating multiple House rules.
The House Ethics Committee more than quintupled its investigations in the 111th Congress compared with the prior Congress — conducting 111 inquiries in 2009 and 2010 — but punished only one House lawmaker for violating the chamber’s rules.
In the 110th Congress, the committee handled only 22 investigations.
According to the committee’s biennial report, which chronicles the panel’s activities in the Congress that concluded in December, the Ethics Committee conducted “fact-gathering” in 111 cases, including four investigative subcommittees and 89 informal inquiries that did not automatically trigger any public disclosure requirements.
The committee also closed 75 inquiries without taking any formal action. The Ethics panel reported 16 “investigative matters” were still pending at the end of December.
The report, a document that each House committee must file at the end of each Congressional cycle, only identifies by name Members who have already been identified in prior public reports.
The only Member of Congress formally punished in the 111th Congress was Rep. Charlie Rangel, who was censured by the House in December for violating multiple House rules. Censure is the most severe punishment available to the committee short of expulsion from the House.
An Ethics subcommittee concluded the New York Democrat had misused federal resources to solicit donations for a City College of New York center named in his honor, used a rent-stabilized apartment for his campaign office, failed to pay taxes on a villa in the Dominican Republic and filed inaccurate financial disclosure forms.
Rangel was also “admonished” by the Ethics Committee in February for his participation in two Caribbean trips that received corporate funding in violation of House rules. Five other lawmakers — Reps. Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick (D-Mich.), Don Payne (D-N.J.), Yvette Clarke (D-N.Y.) and Bennie Thompson (D-Miss.) and Del. Donna Christensen (D-Virgin Islands) — were required to repay the costs of their trips, but the committee said they were not at fault because they did not know how the event was funded.
The committee also admonished Dawn Kelly Mobley, a former Ethics Committee aide to then-Chairwoman Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-Ohio), for colluding with the nonprofit organization that organized those trips to circumvent the House travel rules.
The Ethics panel took no action against any of the other 35 Members or aides it named in public reports.
Those other investigations included a review of Members’ relationships to the now-defunct lobbying firm PMA Group. The Ethics Committee closed that probe after finding that no Members or their staffs exchanged earmarks for campaign contributions.
Among the cases that the Ethics Committee has publicly identified, probes of 13 Members were spurred by referrals from the Office of Congressional Ethics, which the House established in 2008 to review potential rules violations and recommend investigations to the Ethics Committee.
Rep. Elijah Cummings, D-Md., right, hugs Harold Schaitberger, General President of the International Association of Fire Fighters, after the Congressman spoke at the IAFF's Legislative Conference General Session at the Hyatt Regency on Capitol Hill, March 9, 2015. The day featured addresses by members of Congress and Vice President Joe Biden.