Five new Republicans will join the Ohio Congressional delegation in January, but they may not want to get too comfortable on Capitol Hill.
The GOP wave that swept across the Buckeye State last week dramatically changed the makeup of the delegation from 10 Democrats and 8 Republicans to 13 Republicans and 5 Democrats. But the 2012 redistricting process could leave one or more of those Republicans out in the cold.
Ohio is projected to lose two Congressional districts during reapportionment, setting up a game of musical chairs for 18 Members with only 16 seats.
“I think we won one too many seats,” one GOP strategist laughed. “But that’s a good problem to have.”
Republicans will be in control of the map-making process, thanks to a tremendous election night. But just being in charge of the process in a state doesn’t necessarily make it easy on a party to maximize gains.
Without any obvious candidates for retirement in the delegation, it’s inevitable that four Members will get drawn into two districts, but who and where?
“The problem is that there are three urban centers and all of the Democrats are around one of them,” the GOP source said.
Democratic Reps. Dennis Kucinich (10th district), Marcia Fudge (11th district), Betty Sutton (13th district) and Tim Ryan (17th district) are all in the northeast corner of the state, in and around Cleveland. Rep. Marcy Kaptur’s 9th district stretches westward to Toledo. Next year, Republicans will represent Cincinnati and Columbus, the other two urban areas.
Depending on where the state’s population losses took place, it might be possible to combine two of the Democratic districts together (such as Kucinich and Fudge, according to one source) but that still leaves one district to be eliminated.
One seat will likely have to be eliminated elsewhere in the state — and that territory will be held entirely by the Republicans.
In Ohio, redistricting oversight falls to a five-member bipartisan commission consisting of the governor (newly elected Republican John Kasich), the secretary of state (newly elected Republican Jon Husted) and state auditor (newly elected Republican Dave Yost). One member of each party from the Legislature is also required.
“You’re going to have endless possibilities,” said Mike Carey, president of the Ohio Coal Association, about the potential combinations of Members and districts.
One idea is to combine parts of Kaptur’s district with GOP Rep. Bob Latta’s 5th district below it, according to one GOP strategist who is familiar with Ohio. Another Republican source suggested taking Youngstown, one of the population centers of Ryan’s district, and combining it with the 6th district, where Rep.-elect Bill Johnson beat Democratic Rep. Charlie Wilson on Election Day.
“It all depends on how much risk you want to take,” the source said.
Rep. Elijah Cummings, D-Md., right, hugs Harold Schaitberger, General President of the International Association of Fire Fighters, after the Congressman spoke at the IAFF's Legislative Conference General Session at the Hyatt Regency on Capitol Hill, March 9, 2015. The day featured addresses by members of Congress and Vice President Joe Biden.