In 1954, Cold War fears of anti-religion communists led to the addition of the phrase “under God” to the pledge. Within three years, a court case asking that it be removed was introduced in New York, but the court refused. The most recent pledge-related case came before the Supreme Court in 2004, when atheist Michael A. Newdow objected to his daughter being forced to acknowledge or hear reference to God in a public school. He argued that not having to say the pledge wasn’t enough — just having to be in the room while it was recited was a violation of first amendment rights. Ultimately, Newdow lost and “under God” remains.
The story of the pledge is a part of American history that is often overlooked. Thanks to Jones and Meyer, that story is now told.
Vice President Joe Biden waits to conduct a mock swearing-in ceremony with Sen. Brian Schatz, D-Hawaii, in the Capitol's Old Senate Chamber, December 2, 2014. Schatz was sworn in to serve the remainder of his term since he was appointed to the seat after Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, passed away.