"I think the idea is that we would either reach an agreement in principle by [July 4] or recognize that we're not going to be able to bridge our differences," Rep. Chris Van Hollen said last week. The Maryland Democrat, who represents the House minority in the negotiations along with Assistant Minority Leader James Clyburn (S.C.), cautioned later, "We've got a long ways to go here before we resolve the toughest issues."
Negotiators admit they have something to prove to the jittery stock market, even as they are careful not to promise anything specific.
"At the end of the day, we're going to have to decide what is good for the country that actually gets the rest of the world saying these guys ... are on the right track. ... They've tackled a significant political dilemma and they've solved it, like we used to," Biden said last week. "What is the, you know, the shtick out there? This is a dysfunctional place, can't get anything done. The single most important thing to do for the market is convince them that no, that's not true."
Biden was alluding to the belief held by many policymakers and economists that both Democrats and Republicans are playing a dangerous game, given that a failure to raise the debt limit would not only shut down the U.S. government, but also would have catastrophic consequences for the world economy. Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner has said he expects the U.S. to default on its obligations by Aug. 2 if the limit is not increased.
But last week, Biden insisted the tough negotiating had begun, with Democrats in the room saying they were willing to give in to some Republican demands for cuts if the GOP agreed to trim military spending and increase revenues.
But the two sides have yet to make a breakthrough on the thorniest issues — with Republicans wanting deep cuts to Medicare and Medicaid and Democrats demanding that the GOP agree to raise taxes. Both issues are seen as political poison among liberals and conservatives, respectively.
In the end, Biden predicted that any deal will require both Republican and Democratic votes to pass because there are Republicans who are demanding "60 zillion" dollars in cuts and will never be satisfied and there are Democrats who won't vote for any cuts.
Still, the final deal "has to be real," with a significant down payment and a believable path to getting to $4 trillion in deficit reduction during the next decade, Biden said. The two sides are starting by forging tentative agreements on smaller spending cuts that are contingent on a larger deal. Or, as Biden put it, "I'll trade you my bicycle for your golf clubs."
The group is expected to hold three or four three-hour meetings this week as it races toward the unofficial July 4 goal. That is somewhat fungible, however, given Geithner's Aug. 2 deadline.
Indeed, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.) in a PBS interview Friday urged the Biden group to work through the July Fourth recess if they haven't reached a deal before then.
Each side has shown some notable movement during the past few weeks, but both sides continue to insist that some things are off the table.
Democrats have shown a willingness to find savings in Medicare and Medicaid and a host of other programs — although they are resisting direct cuts to beneficiaries — provided Republicans show a willingness to eliminate some tax subsidies and loopholes.
Democrats also said they grew more hopeful that a deal could be reached after 34 Senate Republicans voted to eliminate the ethanol tax break last week.
"It established the principle that you can close special-interest loopholes and use the revenue for deficit reduction, which is exactly what we said needs to happen," Van Hollen said.
Terri Henderson, 6, center, whose mother is El Salvador, attends a rally with members of Congress at Union Station's Columbus Circle to announce the Restore Opportunity, Strengthen, and Improve the Economy (ROSIE) Act on July 29, 2014. The legislation provides incentives for government contractors to pay a living wage and other benefits that would help low-income workers.