Unlike last year, when the dress-rehearsal debate on global warming sputtered to a halt on the Senate floor without a single amendment vote, both sides are prepping for a fight with full knowledge that the chamber could actually pass a bill limiting greenhouse gas emissions.
Last year, everyone knew it was just exhibition season, said Dan Weiss, director of climate strategy for the liberal Center for American Progress. In 2009, these are the playoffs.
The biggest boost for cap-and-trade supporters is having the White House in their corner for the first time in eight years. But the support also raises the stakes on key issues that were punted on last year including backing for coal and nuclear power, and the complicated allocation scheme for carbon credits.
Round Two kicks off later this month in the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee, with an expected markup of the Clean Energy Jobs and American Power Act. The bill, unveiled last month by Sen. John Kerry (D-Mass.) and Environment and Public Works Chairman Barbara Boxer (D-Calif.), aims for greenhouse gas cuts of 20 percent of current levels by 2020, with overall reductions of 80 percent by 2050.
This time around, new faces will play key roles in shepherding the bill to the presidents desk. For starters, Kerry, as the bills chief sponsor, is playing a bigger role in marshaling support from Republicans and skeptical Democratic moderates.
Im ready to sit down with anybody and talk seriously about how we proceed on it in a serious way, Kerry said last week.
Less visible is Sen. Joe Lieberman (ID-Conn.), who in previous Congresses led the climate charge with now-retired Sen. John Warner (R-Va.). Hes been relegated to a more peripheral role after Democrats stripped him of his EPW seat for supporting Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) in the 2008 White House election.
Warners departure also deprives Democrats of the bipartisan veneer they used as a selling point on last sessions bill. So far, Republicans have made clear they dont want anything to do with the Kerry-Boxer bill, which they are painting as a job killer.
Sen. Lisa Murkowski (Alaska), one of the few Republicans to co-sponsor cap-and-trade legislation last Congress, called the new bill a massive bill with massive costs.
Kerry countered that 98 percent of American businesses are exempt from the bills mandates, which he maintained would only affect 7,500 major emitters.
This is a solid first step, without overreach, to deal with 75 percent of Americas greenhouse gases, he said.
The 900-pound gorillas, both in the Environment committee room and on the Senate floor, will be coal and nuclear power.
Moderate Democrats from states that produce coal, as well as those states who depend on it for electricity, are already signaling theyll want more support for the fossil fuel. Theres been an effort to reach out to coal states, Sen. Tom Carper (D-Del.) said. We need to do a little bit more.