In the world of campaign rules and regulations, social media remain a vast uncharted territory that the Federal Election Commission isnt in any particular hurry to map out.
Although social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook are increasingly used by political campaigns to get their messages out, there are no specific federal rules or guidelines dictating how the communication can be used.
Brett Kappel, a counsel with Arent Fox, said the FEC rules regulating Web-based campaigning implemented just a few years ago are already impractical for social networking tools such as Twitter, where only 140 characters are used to communicate a message.
Four years after adopting lenient rules governing campaigning over the Internet, the FEC is being confronted with new issues by campaigns expanding uses of social networking technology, Kappel said. FEC regulations, for example, require campaigns to include a disclaimer on e-mails sent to more than 500 people, but such disclaimers arent practical for campaign Twitter accounts.
An FEC source confirmed that the agency was behind the times when it comes to social networking sites but said the commission enacted rules in 2006 that brought paid online advertisements under the purview of campaign finance laws.
Under the 2006 ruling, political committees are required to put disclaimers on their websites and e-mail messages that are substantially similar and distributed to more than 500 addresses.
The ruling exempted all other Internet communication such as blogs or mass e-mails from federal regulation.
The closest the FEC has come to entering the brave new world of social networking was a 2002 advisory opinion on text messaging, well before the method was notably used in the 2008 election by Barack Obamas presidential campaign.
In the advisory opinion, issued by then-Vice Chairman Karl Sandstrom, the FEC said that since text messages are so small, they are exempted from the disclaimers that are required on larger means of political advertising.
Paul Ryan, FEC director and associate legal counsel at the Campaign Legal Center, said it was unlikely that the FEC would intervene on its own since the social networking tools are free.
The simple fact that [a candidate or committee] may use the [social networking tool] effectively doesnt trigger the same concerns that it would if there were money involved, Ryan said.
The regulations really hinge on money, he said, adding that candidates are required to have disclaimers on their websites, even if the cost is negligible.
Jan Baran, a partner at Wiley Rein and an election law expert, said not to expect the FEC to rule on free social networking sites anytime soon.
The FEC focuses on goods and services for which a campaign must pay fair market value, Baran said in an e-mail. That wont be an issue with Twitter or Facebook, which are free to all.
He added, However, if a campaign maintains a Facebook page, it will have to use volunteers or campaign resources to do so.
David All, who publishes the Tweet Watch Report, a daily digest of Tweets from Capitol Hill, said the FEC would have to address the use of social media in campaigns eventually, but he hopes it will not lead to more regulation.
Vice President Joe Biden waits to conduct a mock swearing-in ceremony with Sen. Brian Schatz, D-Hawaii, in the Capitol's Old Senate Chamber, December 2, 2014. Schatz was sworn in to serve the remainder of his term since he was appointed to the seat after Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, passed away.