The scars remain, however, in a scandal that many Indians believe unfairly tarred their community, not just Abramoff and his associates.
Theyve become very risk-averse, said former Rep. Vic Fazio (D-Calif.), a lobbyist at Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld.
In recent years, Fazio has represented the Crow Tribe, the Gila River Indian Community, the Oneida Nation of Indians, the Ponca Tribe of Nebraska and the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians, according to Senate lobbying records.
Agua Caliente is one of four tribes still at the center of an ongoing Department of Justice investigation involving Abramoff and his American Indian tribe representation, Members of Congress and former Capitol Hill and executive branch staffers.
The one-time GOP super-lobbyist is serving a 48-month sentence for defrauding American Indian tribes and corruption of public officials.
Abramoff is inmate No. 27593-112 at the Federal Correctional Institution in Cumberland, Md. He is scheduled to be released on Dec. 1, 2011, according to the Federal Bureau of Prisons.
Agua Caliente has never been accused of wrongdoing for its dealings with him, nor have the three other tribes that were defrauded by Abramoff: the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan, the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians and the Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana.
None of the tribes agreed to be interviewed for this article.
September 2009 will mark the fifth anniversary of Abramoffs infamous appearance before the Senate Indian Affairs Committee. The lobbyist availed himself of Fifth Amendment protections against self- incrimination at the hearing but was lambasted by lawmakers.
Its a story of greed run amok, then-Indian Affairs Chairman Ben Nighthorse Campbell (R-Colo.) said at the hearing.
Nighthorse Campbells panel unearthed evidence that Abramoff and his public relations cohort Michael Scanlon invoiced six tribes for at least $82 million in consulting fees.
According to a Roll Call analysis of Senate lobbying records, Agua Caliente paid Abramoff $3.2 million for disclosed lobbying work from 2002 to 2004.
In contrast, the tribe paid Kilpatrick Stockton $100,000 for registered lobbying activity in the first six months of this year for general Native American affairs.
Lobbying fees for the three other tribes also have experienced a precipitous drop during the past five years.
From 2000 to 2003, the Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan paid Abramoff and his associates $4.3 million. The Saginaw paid Ietan Consulting $100,000 for lobbying work so far this year for services such as land claims legislation and language preservation appropriations.
The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians paid Abramoff $11.4 million for registered lobbying activity from 1999 to 2004. So far this year, the tribe has paid two lobby shops $110,000 for registered lobbying activity.
The Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana, which paid Abramoff $6.1 million in Lobbying Disclosure Act-related fees from 2001 to 2004, has not retained a registered lobbyist yet this year.
Now a lobbyist at the firm Holland & Knight, Nighthorse Campbell said Indian tribes are much more wary, much more careful since his committee began investigating Abramoff and Scanlon more than five years ago.