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After PhRMA, Hospitals Could Strike the Next Health Care Deal

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Now that the pharmaceutical industry has a deal with Senate Finance Chairman Max Baucus (D-Mont.) and the White House to help pay for health care reform, K Street insiders say they expect the next sector in line for an agreement is the hospital industry.

Over the weekend, the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America announced a deal with Baucus and the Obama administration in which the drug companies will help save the government $80 billion by expanding the Medicare prescription drug program.

The move, which PhRMA member companies are legally beholden to only if health care reform is passed, also received the backing from the massive seniors’ group, AARP.

Lobbyists and health care industry sources say hospitals also are involved in high-level negotiations over potential cuts that could be worth as much as $200 billion. Key players involved are the American Hospital Association, the Federation of American Hospitals and the Catholic Health Association.

“We are looking at responsible solutions,” said Sister Carol Keehan, president and CEO of the Catholic Health Association. “I don’t want to speak for other people or violate any kind of confidential things, but we are at the table.

“Our clear priority is to get everybody covered,” she added. “Too many people are suffering.”

One area targeted by some lawmakers for savings would come from the Medicare and Medicaid disproportionate-share payment programs that reimburse hospitals for providing services to patients who are uninsured or whose treatments are not fully covered.

Hospitals say the program would naturally see significant cost savings if all Americans have health coverage, but they caution that making the cuts before health reforms have been implemented could do more harm.

“The amount of money that you will need will be less, but until we get them covered and until we demonstrate the program is working, it would be the worst possible thing to do,” Keehan said. “Most people of goodwill in the White House and Senate understand we won’t need that large amount of money in [disproportionate-share payments] when there aren’t 47 million uninsured.”

Chip Kahn, president of the Federation of American Hospitals, said he could not comment on any ongoing negotiations with Members or with the White House, but he said hospitals expect their part of “shared sacrifice” to achieve reform.

“Our first priority in health care reform is to achieve as close to universal coverage as possible,” he said.

Kahn added that it’s “premature” to comment on the disproportionate-share program but said that hospitals will still need that program’s support because it will take a number of years to get to universal coverage. Even then, he said, there will always be some patients, such as undocumented immigrants, who may slip through the coverage cracks.

“We’re ready to enter into dialogue,” he said, noting that whatever the industry might agree to must be “fair and equitable” to hospitals. “We’ll know it when we see it.”

Jim Kaufman, vice president of public policy at the National Association of Children’s Hospitals, said the disproportionate-share hospital program “cannot be cut until health care reform’s actually working and reimbursement rates are actually covering the cost of care. Those dollars are critical.”

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