INDIANA, Pa. In April 2004, Rep. John Murtha (D-Pa.) celebrated the groundbreaking for a gleaming new office building here, designed around its anchor tenant, a Rockville, Md.-based technology company called Aeptec Microsystems.
Murtha pursued millions of dollars worth of legislative earmarks for the company, and Aeptecs federal contracts blossomed after it opened a branch in his district in 2001, rising from about $13 million in 2000 to $45.6 million in 2003 and $33 million in 2004, according to fedspending.org, a database of federal contracts. The company had been represented by two lobbying firms with close ties to Murtha: KSA Consulting and the PMA Group.
But Aeptec never moved into the Indiana building, which was built mostly with state and local development funds and remains mostly empty after opening last month. The company, also known as 3eTI, instead moved its staff of about 15 people into a nondescript office park across town, where its name is not even posted on the outside door. It has since been bought by Texas-based EFJ Inc.
Aeptecs story is not unique. Murtha has obtained millions of dollars in earmarks for firms in his district, many of them clients of PMA and KSA. But in many cases the money is not for local companies, it is for companies that move to the district, and frequently it is for start-ups that essentially would not be in business were it not for Murthas largesse. Some of the firms also are simply store-front offices of companies that do most of their work elsewhere.
Murtha has almost but not quite single-handedly created a new economy in his district, with start-up companies getting Murtha earmarks, getting contracts from other companies that have gotten Murtha earmarks or getting trained on how to get government money by other institutions that have gotten Murtha earmarks.
A good guide to the patterns of Murthas largesse is the client list of KSA Consulting, a lobbying firm that employs a former Murtha staffer and used to employ Murthas brother, Kit Murtha.
News stories have highlighted KSAs success in getting earmarks for its clients, but there is more to the story than that. KSAs client list consists largely of small businesses that are either based in Johnstown, Pa., or have opened offices in Johnstown, plus a significant smattering of companies that no longer exist and may never have existed at all.
The pattern that appears dominant is that the companies federal contract dollars expand shortly after they open an office in the 12th Congressional district though it is not entirely clear how much of their work is actually conducted in the district.
Kit Murtha, who says he retired from KSA a year ago, told Roll Call that he doesnt believe there is any connection between the earmarks and the companies move to the Johnstown area. You cant really answer that ... which comes first, the chicken or the egg? he said. KSA represents people that are in Johnstown, and some came to Johnstown, and which came first, and why, you cant say.
But KSAs client list indicates a pattern. Applied Ordnance Technologies was a Maryland-based firm that signed up with KSA in 2001, opened a Johnstown office in 2004 and saw the value of its government contracts jump from $12 million in 2003 to $21 million in 2004 and $24 million in 2005.