Brushing aside the sniping of their mostly conservative critics, the Senate’s newly minted “Gang of 14” pledged Tuesday to continue working together on judicial nominations if and when the issue again comes to a head, particularly if a Supreme Court vacancy creates a new crisis.
Both Democrats and Republicans in the group, which pulled the plug on the expected “nuclear” showdown Monday with a last-minute deal, said that their agreement was strong and could withstand the pressure from colleagues and outside activists who have already set out to unravel it.
“That was not an easy task,” Sen. John Warner (R-Va.) said of the intense effort to garner signatures of 14 Senators on a vow to oppose their leaders. “By putting our signatures on the line, I think there’s a certain bond between us.”
Sen. Ben Nelson (D-Neb.) said the group has made a pact that if there comes a point when a significant number of the seven Democrats are considering supporting a filibuster, the group will reconvene and hash out the issue.
“You could be sure that we’re going to consult one another,” said Nelson, who led the Democratic efforts on the compromise.
On a day that was supposed to be the culmination of more than three years of hand-to-hand combat on judicial nominations, Warner, Nelson and the dozen other signatories to the deal found themselves under constant pressure to further define their pact and explain what they meant by using phrases such as “good faith” and “extraordinary circumstances.”
The group continued to maintain that the words on their “memorandum of understanding” were there to speak for themselves, but brief interviews with half the Members of the group began to reveal some of the inner meaning for which they all believe to have pledged Monday night.
Warner, in a conference call with reporters Tuesday afternoon, made clear that any one Democrat in the group could branch out on his own in the future and support a filibuster without any repercussions from the Republicans. “A single Senator can break off from this thing and exercise his or her free will,” he said.
But to Warner, the issue would change if a handful or more of the Democrats were joining in what he labeled “leadership-led” filibusters, a series of filibusters against nominees that indicated “any semblance of returning” to a large number of blocked nominees such as the 10 who were denied confirmation in the 108th Congress.
“If the Republicans view that the good faith ... is being breached, then we would get together again,” Warner said, indicating the group would have to revisit their agreement.
At that point, the Republicans in the deal might pull out and support the “nuclear” option to change Senate precedents on a party line vote and eliminate judicial filibusters. “It does not take it off the table, it is there,” Warner said of the rule change.
And the Republicans in the group reiterated that their agreement allows their Democratic counterparts to have a free vote on two already filibustered nominees, William Myers and Henry Saad, making it highly likely those circuit court nominees would not gain the 60 votes needed for cloture.
“Some people make it and some people don’t,” Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.) said.
Vice President Joe Biden waits to conduct a mock swearing-in ceremony with Sen. Brian Schatz, D-Hawaii, in the Capitol's Old Senate Chamber, December 2, 2014. Schatz was sworn in to serve the remainder of his term since he was appointed to the seat after Sen. Daniel Inouye, D-Hawaii, passed away.